The Relevance of the Green Phyllites of Lugo (Spain) in the Architectonical Heritage: an Exceptional Roofing Slate Resource

Abstract

In the NW of the Iberian Peninsula, in the region of Lugo, a very exclusive Cambrian phyllite has been quarried and used for construction since prehistoric times, the Filita Verde or green phyllite. There are three varieties of this stone, all of them with the characteristic glitter of phyllites given by the metamorphic recrystallization of the phyllosilicates. Most of the architectural heritage of the area was built with this stone, which is currently being exported abroad. Its exceptional aesthetic and constructional characteristics have been historically used to build fortified settlements (Castros) by ancient pre-Roman cultures and also to construct churches and other ecclesiastic buildings during the middle age. Nowadays it is highly appreciated by architects. Because of these facts, this stone is a good candidate for the designation as a Global Stone Heritage Resource.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. Cárdenes V, Cnudde JP, Wichert J, Large D, López-Munguira A, Cnudde V (2016) Roofing slate standards: a critical review construction and building materials 115:93-104 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.04.042

  2. Cárdenes V, Cnudde V, Cnudde JP (2015) Iberian roofing slate as a Global Heritage Stone Province Resource Episodes 38:97-105 https://doi.org/10.18814/epiiugs/2015/v38i2/005

  3. Cárdenes V, Rubio-Ordoñez A, Monterroso C, Calleja L (2013) Geology and geochemistry of Iberian roofing slates Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry 73:373-382 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemer.2012.11.004

  4. Cárdenes V, Rubio-Ordoñez A, Ruiz de Argandoña VG (2020a) Definition of roofing slate lithotypes for an international roofing slate classification key materials in engineering 848:48-57

  5. Cárdenes V, Rubio-Ordoñez A, Ruiz de Argandoña VG (2020b) Roofing slate from Bernardos, Spain: a potential candidate for Global Heritage Stone episodes

  6. Cárdenes V, Rubio-Ordóñez Á, Wichert J, Cnudde JP, Cnudde V (2014) Petrography of roofing slates Earth-Science Reviews 138:435-453 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2014.07.003

  7. CEN/TC_128 (2010) EN 12326. Slate and stone products for discontinuous roofing and cladding - Parts 1 (Product Specification) and 2 (Methods of test).

  8. Compte P (1959) Recherches sur les terrains anciens de la Cordillère Cantabrique Memorias del Instituto Geológico y Minero de España 60:1-440

  9. Cooper BJ (2015) The ‘Global Heritage Stone Resource’ designation: past, present and future. In: Pereira D, Marker BR, Kramar S, Cooper BJ, Schouenborg BE (eds) Global Heritage Stone: Towards International Recognition of Building and Ornamental Stones, vol 407. Geological Society Special Publication. pp 11-20. https://doi.org/10.1144/sp407.5

  10. Estadística Minera de España (1911). Consejo de Minería,

  11. Fettes DJ, Desmons J, Arkai P (2011) Metamorphic rocks: a classification and glossary of terms. Cambridge University Press, Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Metamorphic Rocks

    Google Scholar 

  12. García Tato I (1994) A Explotación Louxeira no Concello de Carballeda vol 16. Cuadernos Monográficos, Instituto de Estudios Valdeorreses

    Google Scholar 

  13. Gómez-Darriba J (2020) La arquitectura de la humildad. El convento alcantarino de San Francisco del Rosal en Mondoñedo Cuadernos de Estudios Gallegos 133:103–132

    Google Scholar 

  14. Iglesias Ponce de León M (1995) L'ardoise en Espagne: Histoire et economie. Universite de Rennes 2

  15. Lotze F (1958) Zur Stratigraphie des spanischen Kambriums Geologie 7:727-750

  16. Pérez-García OA, Carreria XC, Carral E, Fernández ME, Mariño RA (2010) Evaluation of traditional grain store buildings (hórreos) in Galicia (NW Spain): analysis of outdoor/indoor temperature and humidity relationships. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 8:925–935

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Sánchez Pardo JC, Castiñeiras López J, Sanjurjo Sánchez J (2019) Arqueología y arquitectura de San Martiño de Mondoñedo (Foz, Lugo). Revisión crítica y nuevas aportaciones Quintana: revista do Departamento de Historia da Arte 17 https://doi.org/10.15304/qui.17.4039.

  18. Walter R (1966) Resultado de investigaciones geológicas en el Noroeste de la Provincia de Lugo (NO España) Notas y Comunicaciones del Instituto Geológico y Minero de España 89:7-16

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Victor Cárdenes.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Cárdenes, V., López-Piñeiro, S. & Ruiz de Argandoña, V.G. The Relevance of the Green Phyllites of Lugo (Spain) in the Architectonical Heritage: an Exceptional Roofing Slate Resource. Geoheritage 13, 11 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12371-021-00537-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Roofing slate
  • Phyllite
  • Global Stone Heritage Resource
  • Low-grade metamorphism
  • Prehistoric settlement