Sugar Tech

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 638–646 | Cite as

Epidemiology of Fusarium Diseases in Sugarcane: A New Discovery of Same Fusarium sacchari Causing Two Distinct Diseases, Wilt and Pokkah Boeng

  • R. Viswanathan
  • C. G. Balaji
  • R. Selvakumar
  • P. Malathi
  • A. Ramesh Sundar
  • C. Naveen Prasanth
  • M. L. Chhabra
  • B. Parameswari
Research Article
  • 106 Downloads

Abstract

Sugarcane, an important field crop, is cultivated under tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Fusarium sacchari causing wilt, is a stalk disease, inflicting severe damage to the crop in India and other countries. Similarly, pokkah boeng (PB) a foliar disease caused by different species of Fusarium also infects the crop throughout the world. In India, both the diseases occur in different states in various sugarcane varieties. Although both diseases occur independently in the field, we recorded that they occur together in a plant. Hence, a detailed investigation was conducted to characterize different Fusarium isolates from wilt- and PB-affected sugarcane varieties by sequencing TEF1-α gene. Gene sequencing of 48 isolates revealed that 44 were of F. sacchari and the remaining four belonged to F. proliferatum. Of the four F. proliferatum, three were associated with PB and one with wilt. Almost all the 41 wilt-associated isolates belonged to F. sacchari. Investigation carried out to identify Fusarium isolates from the plants exhibiting both the wilt and the PB in two varieties Co 0238 and MS 901 revealed that only F. sacchari caused wilt and PB symptoms in both. Further, several varieties showed progressive disease severity through different phases of PB and that resulted in wilt development. The results clearly established for the first time that the same fungal pathogen systematically infects sugarcane plant and exhibits both the diseases.

Keywords

Sugarcane Wilt Pokkah boeng Fusarium sacchari, TEF1-α 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Directors of the Institute for providing facilities and acknowledge Dr. R. Jothi, Shri K. Manivannan and Shri. R. Nithyanandan for their technical support in carrying out field and laboratory studies. The research work was partly supported by ICAR under Outreach project on PHYTOFURA.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest

Funding

This study was partly funded by Outreach project of ICAR, ALCOCERA.

Ethical Standard

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Crop ProtectionICAR-Sugarcane Breeding InstituteCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute Regional CentreKarnalIndia

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