Sugar Tech

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 175–181 | Cite as

Yield and Quality of Tropical Sugarbeet as Influenced by Variety, Spacing and Fertilizer Application

  • S. K. Paul
  • U. Paul
  • M. A. R. Sarkar
  • M. S. Hossain
Research Article

Abstract

An experiment was conducted at the Agronomy Field Laboratory, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, during November 2015 to April 2016 to study the effect of variety, spacing of planting and rate of fertilizer application on the growth, yield and quality of tropical sugarbeet. The experiment was laid out in a factorial randomized complete block design with three replications. The experiment consisted of three varieties, viz. Shubhra, Cauvery and PAC-60008, three spacings of planting, viz. 50 cm × 20 cm, 50 cm × 25 cm and 50 cm × 30 cm, and three levels of fertilizer, viz. 230-85-185-100-10-7, 260-105-225-100-10-7 and 290-125-265-100-10-7 kg ha−1, through urea-TSP-MoP-gypsum-ZnSO4-Boric acid, respectively. The highest soil plant analysis development (SPAD) value (97.7 at 80 DAS), beet length (30.4 cm), beet girth (36.7 cm) and individual beet weight (1.3 kg) were observed in PAC-60008 at the spacing of 50 cm × 30 cm when fertilized with urea 290, TSP 125, MoP 265, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10, boric acid 7 kg ha−1, and the lowest SPAD value (73.8 at 80 DAS), beet length (20.3 cm) and beet girth (27.3 cm) were found in Shubhra at the spacing of 50 cm × 20 cm with Urea 230, TSP 85, MoP 185, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10, boric acid 7 kg ha−1. The maximum beet weight (1.3 kg) was found in PAC-60008 at 50 cm × 30 cm spacing with urea 290, TSP 125, MoP 265, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10 and boric acid 7 kg ha−1 followed by (1.2 kg) PAC-60008 at 50 cm × 30 cm with urea 260, TSP 105, MoP 225, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10 and boric acid 7 kg ha−1, and the lowest one was found in Shubhra (0.6 kg) at 50 cm × 25 cm with urea 230, TSP 85, MoP 185, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10 and boric acid 7 kg ha−1. The highest beet yield (92.3 t ha−1) was recorded in the interaction among PAC-60008 at the spacing 50 × 20 cm when fertilized with urea 290, TSP 125, MoP 265, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10, boric acid 7 kg ha−1, whereas the lowest yield (46.2 t ha−1) was recorded in Shubhra at the spacing 50 cm × 30 cm with urea 230, TSP 85, MoP 185, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10, boric acid 7 kg ha−1. At 135 DAS, the highest brix (20.3%) was recorded in PAC-60008 at 50 cm × 20 cm with urea 290, TSP 125, MoP 265, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10 and boric acid 7 kg ha−1 that was statistically identical with (20.0%) Shubhra at 50 cm × 20 cm with urea 290, TSP 125, MoP 265, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10 and boric acid 7 kg ha−1 and the lowest (15.2%) was recorded in Cauvery at 50 cm × 30 cm with urea 230, TSP 85, MoP 185, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10 and boric acid 7 kg ha−1. Therefore, it may be concluded that PAC-60008 appears as the promising sugarbeet variety in terms of beet yield and quality cultivated at the spacing 50 cm × 20 cm fertilizing with urea 290, TSP 125, MoP 265, gypsum 100, ZnSO4 10 and boric acid 7 kg ha−1.

Keywords

Brix (%) Fertilizer Spacing SPAD Tropical sugarbeet Variety Yield 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The financial assistance of Bangladesh Agricultural University Research System (BAURES) (2015/08/BAU) to conduct the research project is thankfully acknowledged.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Ahmad, S., M. Zubair, N. Iqbal, N.M. Cheema, and K. Mahmood. 2012. Evaluation of sugar beet hybrid varieties under Thal-Kumbi soil series of Pakistan. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 14: 605–608.Google Scholar
  2. Bairagi, A., S.K. Paul, M.A. Kader, and M.S. Hossain. 2013. Yield of tropical sugarbeet as influenced by variety and rate of fertilizer application. Pakistan Sugar Journal 28(4): 13–20.Google Scholar
  3. BSRI (Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute). 2010. Annual report of 2010, 1–7. Pabna: Ishurdi.Google Scholar
  4. BSRI (Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute). 2013. Annual report of 2012, 64–70. Pabna: Ishurdi.Google Scholar
  5. Gomez, K.A., and A.A. Gomez. 1984. Statistical procedure for agricultural research. 2nd ed, 680. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  6. Islam, M.R., K.M. Haque, S.N. Akter, and M.A. Karim. 2014. Leaf chlorophyll dynamics in wheat based on SPAD meter reading and its relationship with grain yield, 14. Gazipur: Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University.Google Scholar
  7. Islam, M.S., S. Ahmad, M.N. Uddin, and M.A. Sattar. 2012. Evaluation of tropical sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) genotypes under Bangladesh condition. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 37(4): 721–728.Google Scholar
  8. Kashem, M.N., Q.A. Khaliq, M.A. Karim, A.J.M.S. Karim, and M.M. Ahmed. 2015. Effect of sowing date and spacing on dry matter production and yield in tropical sugar beet. International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production 10(2): 1–5.Google Scholar
  9. Kumar, R., and A.D. Pathak. 2013. Recent trend of sugarbeet in world. In Souvenir-IISR-industry interface on research and development initiatives for sugarbeet in India, 46–47. 28–29 May, Sugarbeet Breeding Outpost of IISR IVRI Campus, Mukteswar-263138, Nainital. Organised by Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research (ICAR) and Association of Sugarcane Technologists of India.Google Scholar
  10. Mekdad, A.A.A. 2012. Response of yield and quality of some sugar beet varieties (Beta vulgaris, L.) to plant density and nitrogen fertilizer under new reclaimed soil conditions. PhD thesis, Agronomy Department, Fayoum University, Egypt.Google Scholar
  11. Rashid, M.M. 1999. Sabji Biggan (in Bengali), 455. Dhaka: Rashid Publishing House.Google Scholar
  12. Rahman, M.S., S. Khatun, and M.K. Rahman. 2016. Sugarcane and sugar industry in Bangladesh: An overview. Sugar Tech 18(6): 627–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Shrivastava, A.K., A. Sawnani, S.P. Shukla, and S. Solomon. 2013. Unique features of sugarbeet and its comparison with sugarcane. In Souvenir-IISR-industry interface on research and development initiatives for sugarbeet in India, 36–39. 28–29 May, Sugarbeet Breeding Outpost of IISR IVRI Campus, Mukteswar-263138, Nainital. Organised by Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research (ICAR) and Association of Sugarcane Technologists of India.Google Scholar
  14. Tajul, M.I., M.M. Alam, S.M.M. Hossain, and K. Naher. 2013. Influence of plant population and nitrogen-fertilizer at various levels on growth and growth efficiency of maize. The Scientific World Journal 19(2): 150–159.Google Scholar
  15. UNDP and FAO. 1988. Land Resources Appraisal of Bangladesh for Agricultural Development. In Report 2, 212–221. Agro-ecological Regions of Bangladesh. United Nation Development Programme and Food and Agriculture Organization.Google Scholar
  16. Zhu, J., N. Tremblay, and Y. Liang. 2012. Comparing SPAD and at LEAF values for chlorophyll assessment in crop species. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 92: 645–648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Paul
    • 1
  • U. Paul
    • 1
  • M. A. R. Sarkar
    • 1
  • M. S. Hossain
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyBangladesh Agricultural UniversityMymensinghBangladesh
  2. 2.Bangladesh Sugarcrop Research InstitutePabnaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations