Pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis from recurrent gastric cancer 19 years after primary resection: a case report

Abstract

Pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis is one rare pattern of pulmonary metastases in advanced cancers. Gastric cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer that causes pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis. However, recurrent gastric cancer presenting as pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis after surgery is extremely rare. Furthermore, recurrence is usually observed within 5 years. We present the first case of pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis in a patient with recurrent gastric cancer, 19 years after resection. In patients with a history of gastric cancer and the presence of interstitial shadow, pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis even if several years have passed since surgery.

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Abbreviations

PLC:

Pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis

CT:

Computed tomography

FDG-PET:

18F- fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography

TBLB:

Transbronchial lung biopsy

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Correspondence to Takeshi Masuda.

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Conflict of interest

Noboru Hattori has received lecture fees, honoraria from Pfizer. Sachiko Shioya, Takeshi Masuda, Hiroshi Iwamoto, Kakuhiro Yamaguchi, Shinjiro Sakamoto, Yasushi Horimasu, Shintaro Miyamoto, Taku Nakashima, Kazunori Fujitaka and Hironobu Hamada declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Shioya, S., Masuda, T., Iwamoto, H. et al. Pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis from recurrent gastric cancer 19 years after primary resection: a case report. Clin J Gastroenterol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12328-020-01315-0

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Keywords

  • Pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis
  • Gastric cancer
  • Late recurrence
  • Tumor dormancy