The Cerebellum

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 152–164 | Cite as

NCB5OR Deficiency in the Cerebellum and Midbrain Leads to Dehydration and Alterations in Thirst Response, Fasted Feeding Behavior, and Voluntary Exercise in Mice

  • Matthew A. Stroh
  • Michelle K. Winter
  • Kenneth E. McCarson
  • John P. Thyfault
  • Hao Zhu
Original Paper

Abstract

Cytosolic NADH­cytochrome­b5­oxidoreductase (NCB5OR) is ubiquitously expressed in animal tissues. We have previously reported that global ablation of NCB5OR in mice results in early-onset lean diabetes with decreased serum leptin levels and increased metabolic and feeding activities. The conditional deletion of NCB5OR in the mouse cerebellum and midbrain (conditional knock out, CKO mice) results in local iron dyshomeostasis and altered locomotor activity. It has been established that lesion to or removal of the cerebellum leads to changes in nutrient organization, visceral response, feeding behavior, and body weight. This study assessed whether loss of NCB5OR in the cerebellum and midbrain altered feeding or metabolic activity and had an effect on serum T3, cortisol, prolactin, and leptin levels. Metabolic cage data revealed that 16 week old male CKO mice had elevated respiratory quotients and decreased respiratory water expulsion, decreased voluntary exercise, and altered feeding and drinking behavior compared to wild-type littermate controls. Most notably, male CKO mice displayed higher consumption of food during refeeding after a 48­h fast. Echo MRI revealed normal body composition but decreased total water content and hydration ratios in CKO mice. Increased serum osmolality measurements confirmed the dehydration status of male CKO mice. Serum leptin levels were significantly elevated in male CKO mice while prolactin, T3, and cortisol levels remain unchanged relative to wild-type controls, consistent with elevated transcript levels for leptin receptors (short form) in the male CKO mouse cerebellum. Taken together, these findings suggest altered feeding response post starvation as a result of NCB5OR deficiency in the cerebellum.

Keywords

Ncb5or Cerebellum Dehydration RER Leptin Exercise Mouse 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors would like to thank Dr. Jennifer Knapp at University of Kansas Medical Center (KUMC) for assistance with the alternative statistical analysis and Pearson correlation analysis. Authors acknowledge Dr. WenFang Wang (KUMC) for preparing the Ncb5or-floxed line for crossing and Dr. Alexandra Joyner at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center for providing the En1-cre driver.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

12311_2017_880_MOESM1_ESM.docx (773 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 772 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew A. Stroh
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Michelle K. Winter
    • 5
  • Kenneth E. McCarson
    • 5
    • 6
  • John P. Thyfault
    • 7
    • 8
  • Hao Zhu
    • 2
    • 3
    • 9
  1. 1.Landon Center on AgingUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  3. 3.Neuroscience Graduate ProgramUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  4. 4.Department of NeurologyWashington University in St. Louis School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA
  5. 5.Kansas Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research CenterUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  6. 6.Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and TherapeuticsUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  7. 7.Department of Molecular Integrative PhysiologyUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  8. 8.Research Service, Kansas City VA Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  9. 9.Department of Clinical Laboratory SciencesUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA

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