Comparative analysis of photosynthetic and respiratory parameters in the psychrophilic unicellular green alga Koliella antarctica, cultured in indoor and outdoor photo-bioreactors
Effect of temperatures and illumination of temperate winter on photosynthesis and respiration was studied in the psychrophilic microalgae, Koliella antarctica (Trebouxiophyceae). Outdoor and indoor algal cultures were compared. Photosynthetic as well as respiration rates increased as light and temperature increased, until 35 °C, more in outdoor than in indoor cells, in agreement with the calculated Q10 values. K. antarctica showed important strategy mechanisms of adaption to the several temperature and light conditions. These significant photo-acclimation and thermo-acclimation abilities make it possible to cultivate Koliella for different uses, under less expensive outdoor conditions. Therefore, K. antarctica shows important strategy mechanisms of adaption to various temperature and light conditions; moreover, by varying the culture conditions, it is possible to modulate and optimize the growth and accordingly the biomass production. This is a very interesting point since it has been proved that this microalga is a promising potential source of functional ingredients, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids and carotenoids, suitable for industrial purposes.
KeywordsAcclimation Koliella antarctica Photobioreactor Photosynthesis Psychrophilic microalgae Respiration
The authors are very grateful to Professor Petronia Carillo for critical reading of the manuscript. This work was supported by a Grant from Regione Campania, Law 5/2002, year 2007.
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