In vitro assessment of antimicrobial activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of moss Atrichum undulatum (Hedw.) P. Beauv.
Bryophytes, the shade loving plants, have tremendous medicinal properties. The aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Atrichum undulatum (Hedw.) P. Beauv. were analysed for antimicrobial properties against the fungi Aspergillus fumigatus and Fusarium oxysporum and the bacteria Escherichia coli, Bacillus mycoides, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi. The study is an attempt to investigate the medicinal properties of Atrichum undulatum (Hedw.) P. Beauv. using disc-diffusion method. No inhibition was observed against A. fumigatus and P. mirabilis. For bacteria S. typhi and E. coli (20 and 15 mm), aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Atrichum showed significant inhibition. However, alcoholic extract was found remarkably effective against bacteria rather than aqueous extract.
KeywordsAtrichum undulatum Moss Antimicrobial properties Aqueous Alcoholic extract
- Alam A, Sharma V, Rawat K, Verma P (2015) Bryophytes the ignored medicinal plants. SMU Med J 2:299–316Google Scholar
- Chopra RS (1975) Taxonomy of Indian mosses. An introduction. Botanical Monograph no 10. Publication and Information Directorate (C.S.I.R), New DelhiGoogle Scholar
- Decker EL, Gorr G, Reski R (2003) Moss—an innovative tool for protein production. BIOforum Europe 2:96–97Google Scholar
- Krzaczkowski L, Wright M, Gairin JE (2008) Bryophytes, a potent source of drugs for tomorrow’s medicine? Med Sci 24(11):947–953Google Scholar
- Lal J (2005) Checklist of Indian mosses. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, pp 1–164Google Scholar
- Snedecor GW, Cochran WG (1987) Statistical methods. Iowa State University, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- Üçüncü O, Cansu TB, Özdemir T, Alpay-Karaoğlu Ş, Yayli N (2010) Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of mosses (Tortula muralis Hedw., Homalothecium lutescens(Hedw.) H. Rob., Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw., and Pohlia nutans (Hedw.) Lindb.) from Turkey. Turk J Chem 34:825–834Google Scholar
- Vats S, Tiwari R, Alam A, Behera KK, Pareek R (2012) Evaluation of phytochemicals, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of in vitro culture of Vigna unguiculata (L.) walp. Researcher 4:70–74Google Scholar