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Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 1117–1126 | Cite as

Concentration of some metals in soil and plant organs and their biochemical profiles in Tulipa luanica, T. kosovarica and T. albanica native plant species

  • Mirsade Osmani
  • Metin Tuna
  • Isa R. ElezajEmail author
Research Article
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the concentration of some metals (Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn, Ca and Mg) in soil of serpentine and limestone sites, their bioaccumulation and impact on some biochemical parameters in T. luanica, T. kosovarica and T. albanica plants. T. kosovarica and T. albanica grows in serpentine soil, while T. luanica grow in limestone soil. The research showed that concentrations of Cd, Co, Cr, Fe, Mn and Ni were significantly higher at serpentine soil sites in comparison with limestone sites, while concentrations of Pb, Cd, Co and Cr in bulbs, leaves and seeds were under the limit of detection. The concentration of Ni in plant samples of T. kosovarica was significantly higher in comparison with its concentration in T. albanica, but it was under the limit of detection in T. luanica. Moreover, concentrations of Al and Fe in leaves of T. kosovarica and T. albanica were higher in comparison with T. luanica. The concentration of Mg was significantly higher in T. kosovarica and T. albanica than in T. luanica. The δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase activity, malondialdehyde and glutathione contents in leaves of T. luanica were higher in comparison with T. kosovarica and T. albanica. In addition, the amounts of total chlorophyll and δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in leaves of T. albanica were higher in comparison with T. kosovarica and T. luanica. Our findings show that target organs of metal accumulation in three Tulip species appears to be leaves > seeds > bulbs, while the biochemical parameters show that limestone sites represent a less stressful habitat for growing these plant species in comparison with serpentine sites.

Keywords

Tulipa Metals δ-Aminolevulinic acid dehydratase Malondialdehyde Glutathione 

Abbreviations

ALA-D (EC 4.2.1.24)

δ-Aminolevulinic acid dehydratase

ALA

δ-Aminolevulinic

MDA

Malondialdehyde

GSH

Reduced glutathione

PGB

Porphobilinogen

TBA

Thiobarbituric acid

Al

Aluminum

Cd

Cadmium

Co

Cobalt

Cr

Chromium

Cu

Copper

Fe

Iron

Mn

Manganese

Ni

Nickel

Pb

Lead

Zn

Zinc

Ca

Calcium

Mg

Magnesium

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was carried out in collaboration between the Department of Biology, University of Pristina “Hasan Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo (promoter Prof. Dr. Isa Elezaj) and Faculty of Agriculture, Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey (promoter Prof. Dr. Metin Tuna). The author Mirsade Osmani is a PhD student at Department of Biology, University of Pristina “Hasan Prishtina, and the results of this paper are part of a doctoral dissertation. Grateful thanks are expressed to Namik Kemal University, especially for Dr. Elif Burcu Bahadir, for their assistance and opportunity for chemical analyses. We are very grateful to anonymous reviewers for their very valuable comments on this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematical and Natural SciencesUniversity of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”PrishtinaRepublic of Kosovo
  2. 2.Faculty of Food TechnologyUniversity of Mitrovica “Isa Boletini”MitrovicaRepublic of Kosovo
  3. 3.Department of Field Crops, Faculty of AgricultureNamik Kemal UniversityTekirdagTurkey

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