Proteomics assisted profiling of antimicrobial peptide signatures from black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
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Plant antimicrobial peptides are the interesting source of studies in defense response as they are essential components of innate immunity which exert rapid defense response. In spite of abundant reports on the isolation of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) from many sources, the profile of AMPs expressed/identified from single crop species under certain stress/physiological condition is still unknown. This work describes the AMP signature profile of black pepper and their expression upon Phytophthora infection using label-free quantitative proteomics strategy. The differential expression of 24 AMPs suggests that a combinatorial strategy is working in the defense network. The 24 AMP signatures belonged to the cationic, anionic, cysteine-rich and cysteine-free group. As the first report on the possible involvement of AMP signature in Phytophthora infection, our results offer a platform for further study on regulation, evolutionary importance and exploitation of theses AMPs as next generation molecules against pathogens.
KeywordsProteomics Antimicrobial peptides Differential expression Host–pathogen interaction
We thank the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi for funding through Outreach program on Phytophthora, Fusarium and Ralstonia diseases of horticultural and field crops (PhytoFuRa) and mass spectrometry facility, C-CAMP, NCBS, Bangalore for the LC/MS analysis.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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