Study of Complete Haemogram and Iron Profile From Cord Blood of Newborn with Respect to Primigravida, Multigravida and Apgar Score

  • Madhumita Mondal
  • Swapan Kumar Sinha
  • Moumita Sengupta
  • Debdas Bose
  • Sudip Saha
  • Utpal Chaudhuri
Original Article


Study of different parameters of cord blood usually reflects neonatal health status. One of the widely used system for assessing neonatal health is APGAR score. It is assed at 1 and 5 min from baby’s birth. Immediate medical care may improve 5 min score of neonate who showed poor score at 1 min. The main objective of this study is to establish whether any correlation exists between complete hemogram and iron profile with APGAR score and gravid of mother. Cord blood was collected from 96 new born, delivered vaginally, mothers having no chronic medical disease. Different parameters of complete hemogram were assessed along with iron profile and statistical analysis was done by Graph pad Instat3 soft ware. Statistically significant correlation exists between APGAR score (5 min) and MCV (p = 0.005), MCHC (p = 0.016), nRBC (p = 0.002), platelet count (p = 0.001), RDW (p = 0.001). Statistically weak correlation exists between TLC (p = 0.08). Comparing complete blood count with gravid of mother by unpaired t test significant correlation was obtained for HCT (p = 0.035) and RDW (p = 0.03). Apgar score and complete hemogram from cord blood are both non-invasive procedure which help us to asses fetal wellbeing as well as requirement of immediate management. Further more studies are essential to establish the relationship.


Gravida APGAR score Complete hemogram 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest


Informed Concent

Informed concent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Indian Society of Haematology & Transfusion Medicine 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathologyIPGMERKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of PathologyMedical College HospitalKolkataIndia
  3. 3.Department of Gynaecology and ObstetricsMedical CollegeKolkataIndia
  4. 4.Institute of Hematology and Transfusion MedicineMedical CollegeKolkataIndia

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