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Der MKG-Chirurg

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 12–20 | Cite as

Epuliden und ihre Differenzialdiagnosen

  • G. Jundt
Leitthema
  • 148 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Epuliden sind fokale reaktive Hyperplasien der Gingiva. Nach ihrer Histologie werden das teleangiektatische Granulom (Epulis granulomatosa), die fokale fibröse Hyperplasie (Epulis fibromatosa), das periphere ossifizierende Fibrom (ossifizierende fibroide Epulis) und das periphere Riesenzellgranulom (Riesenzellepulis) unterschieden. Epuliden gehen vom periodontalen Ligament aus und entwickeln sich aus dem Sulcus gingivalis, infiltrieren aber den darunterliegenden Knochen nicht. Als Therapie genügt eine konservative Abtragung, auch wenn Rezidive nicht selten vorkommen können (bis zu 17,5 % beim peripheren Riesenzellgranulom). Da eine eindeutige klinische Diagnose nicht möglich ist und zahlreiche gutartige, aber auch maligne Tumoren differenzialdiagnostisch in Betracht kommen, sollten die Läsionen immer histologisch untersucht werden.

Schlüsselwörter

Teleangiektatisches Granulom der Gingiva Peripheres Riesenzellgranulom Fokale Gingivahyperplasie Peripheres ossifizierendes Fibrom Histologie 

Epulides and their differential diagnoses

Abstract

The term epulis denotes a focal reactive hyperplasia of the gingiva. Histologically, epulides are devided into telangiectatic granuloma (epulis granulomatosa), focal fibrous hyperplasia (epulis fibromatosa), peripheral ossifying fibroma (fibroid ossifying epulis), and peripheral giant cell granuloma (giant cell epulis). Epulides originate from the periodontal ligament and develop from the gingival sulcus; however, there is no infiltration of the underlying bone. They are treated sufficiently by conservative local excision, although recurrences may develop (with peripheral giant cell granuloma in up to 17.5% of cases). Since the lesions cannot be diagnosed purely on clinical grounds, and benign as well as malignant tumors have to be considered in the differential diagnosis, histological examination must be performed.

Keywords

Gingival teleangiectatic granuloma Peripheral giant cell granuloma Focal gingival hyperplasia Peripheral ossifying fibroma Histology 

Notes

Danksagung

Der Autor wird durch die Stiftung Knochentumor-Referenzzentrum Basel unterstützt.

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

G. Jundt gibt an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine vom Autor durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Knochentumor-Referenzzentrum und DOESAK-Zentralregister am Institut für PathologieUniversitätsspital BaselBaselSchweiz

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