Single-atom Pd catalyst anchored on Zr-based metal-organic polyhedra for Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling reactions in aqueous media

Abstract

The challenge for single-atom catalysts in various C—C cross coupling reaction exists in the development of solid supporting materials. It has been desired to find a supporting material designed in molecular level to anchor a single-atom catalyst and provide high degree of dispersion and substrate access in aqueous media. Here, we prepared discrete cages of metal-organic polyhedra anchoring single Pd atom (MOP-BPY(Pd)) and successfully performed a Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling reaction with various substrates in aqueous media. It was revealed that each tetrahedral cage of MOP-BPY(Pd) has 4.5 Pd atoms on average and retained its high degree of dispersion up to 3 months in water. The coupling efficiencies of the Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling reaction exhibited more than 90.0% for various substrates we have tested in the aqueous media, which is superior to those of the molecular Pd complex and metal-organic framework (MOF) anchoring Pd atoms. Moreover, MOP-BPY(Pd) was successfully recovered and recycled without performance degradation.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program (No. NRF-2019R1A2C4069764) and by Convergent Technology R&D Program for Human Augmentation (No. 2019M3C1B8077549) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by Ministry of Science and ICT.

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Correspondence to Kyung Min Choi or Dong-Sik Shin.

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Kim, S., Jee, S., Choi, K.M. et al. Single-atom Pd catalyst anchored on Zr-based metal-organic polyhedra for Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling reactions in aqueous media. Nano Res. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-020-2885-7

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Keywords

  • metal-organic polyhedra
  • Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling reaction
  • structure characterization
  • aqueous phase reaction
  • high-degree of dispersion