Advertisement

Building Simulation

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 677–694 | Cite as

Numerical study on cooling performance of a ventilated Trombe wall with phase change materials

  • Xiaohong Liu
  • Yuekuan Zhou
  • Guoqiang Zhang
Research Article Building Thermal, Lighting, and Acoustics Modeling
  • 130 Downloads

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate thermal performance of a new ventilated Trombe wall integrated with phase change materials (PCMs-VTW). Double PCM wallboards are embedded in the building facade for different purposes, i.e. exterior PCM wallboard is to store natural cooling energy via night-time ventilation, and interior active PCM wallboard is for radiant cooling. Melting temperature and latent heat of PCM have been discussed for PCMs-VTW system from 1st August to 7th August in Changsha, China. Also, high-reflective coating is coated on the exterior PCM wallboard for reflecting solar radiation, thus ameliorating daytime overheating. Nighttime ventilation is for natural cooling energy storage via regenerating solid exterior PCM wallboard. The obtained result shows that under the weather condition in Changsha, melting temperature 22 °C for interior PCM and the latent heat 176 kJ/kg for exterior PCM show considerable benefit for cooling energy release. Compared with the classical Trombe wall system, annual cooling energy consumption is decreased by 20.8% and by 18.6% in the PCMs-VTW system when indoor air temperature is kept at 22 °C and 24 °C respectively. Our research has provided scientific evidences for potentials provided by PCMs-VTW system in reducing building energy consumption and improving indoor thermal comfort via exploiting natural cooling energy, mitigating overheating at summer condition and utilizing cold sources in high temperature.

Keywords

phase change material Trombe wall ventilation cooling energy storage high-reflective coating 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the International Science & Technology Cooperation Program of China (No. 2014DFE70230, No. 2014DFA72190).

References

  1. ASHRAE (2007). ASHRAE 62.1. Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality. Atlanta, GA, USA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.Google Scholar
  2. Baldinelli G (2009). Double skin facades for warm climate regions: Analysis of a solution with an integrated movable shading system. Building and Environment, 44: 1107–1118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bellos E, Tzivanidis C, Zisopoulou E, Mitsopoulos G, Antonopoulos KA (2016). An innovative Trombe wall as a passive heating system for a building in Athens—A comparison with the conventional Trombe wall and the insulated wall. Energy and Buildings, 133: 754–769.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bourne S, Novoselac A (2015). Compact PCM-based thermal stores for shifting peak cooling loads. Building Simulation, 8: 673–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Borreguero AM, Sánchez ML, Valverde JL, Carmona M, Rodríguez JF (2011). Thermal testing and numerical simulation of gypsum wallboards incorporated with different PCMs content. Applied Energy, 88: 930–937.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cao S, Sirén K (2014). Impact of simulation time-resolution on the matching of PV production and household electric demand. Applied Energy, 128: 192–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cao S, Sirén K (2015). Matching indices taking the dynamic hybrid electrical and thermal grids information into account for the decision-making of nZEB on-site renewable energy systems. Energy Conversion and Management, 101: 423–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen B, Chen X, Ding YH, Jia X (2006). Shading effects on the winter thermal performance of the Trombe wall air gap: An experimental study in Dalian. Renewable Energy, 31: 1961–1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. de Gracia A, Navarro L, Castell A, Cabeza LF (2013). Numerical study on the thermal performance of a ventilated facade with PCM. Applied Thermal Engineering, 61: 372–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Feng H, Tian X, Cao S, Zhao J, Deng S (2016). Match performance analysis for a solar-driven energy system in net zero energy building. Energy Procedia, 88: 394–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fiorito F (2012). Trombe walls for lightweight buildings in temperate and hot climates. Exploring the use of phase-change materials for performances improvement. Energy Procedia, 30: 1110–1119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ghrab-Morcos N, Bouden C, Franchisseur R (1993). Overheating caused by passive solar elements in Tunis. Effectiveness of some ways to prevent it. Renewable Energy, 3: 801–811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gan G (1998). A parametric study of Trombe walls for passive cooling of buildings. Energy and Buildings, 27: 37–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hernández-López I, Xamán J, Chávez Y, Hernández-Pérez I, Alvarado-Juárez R (2016). Thermal energy storage and losses in a room- Trombe wall system located in Mexico. Energy, 109: 512–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hu Z, He W, Hong X, Ji J, Shen Z (2016). Numerical analysis on the cooling performance of a ventilated Trombe wall combined with venetian blinds in an office building. Energy and Buildings, 126: 14–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hernández-Pérez I, Xamán J, Macías-Melo EV, Aguilar-Castro KM, Zavala-Guillén I, Hernández-López I, Simá E (2018). Experimental thermal evaluation of building roofs with conventional and reflective coatings. Energy and Buildings, 158: 569–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Halawa E, van Hoof J, Soebarto V (2014). The impacts of the thermal radiation field on thermal comfort, energy consumption and control—A critical overview. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 37: 907–918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. He W, Hu Z, Luo B, Hong X, Sun W, Ji J (2015). The thermal behavior of Trombe wall system with venetian blind: An experimental and numerical study. Energy and Buildings, 104: 395–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hollands KGT, Unny TE, Raithby GD, Konicek L (1976). Free convective heat transfer across inclined air layers, Journal of Heat Transfer, 98: 189–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ji Jie, Yi H, He W, Pei G (2007). PV-Trombe wall design for buildings in composite climates. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, 129: 431–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Joudi A, Svedung H, Cehlin M, Rönnelid M (2013). Reflective coatings for interior and exterior of buildings and improving thermal performance. Applied Energy, 103: 562–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Khalifa AJN, Abbas EF (2009). A comparative performance study of some thermal storage materials used for solar space heating. Energy and Buildings, 41: 407–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Krüger E, Suzuki E, Matoski A (2013). Evaluation of a Trombe wall system in a subtropical location. Energy and Buildings, 66: 364–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Le Dréau J, Heiselberg P, Jensen RL (2015). A full-scale experimental set-up for assessing the energy performance of radiant wall and active chilled beam for cooling buildings. Building Simulation, 8: 39–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mavrigiannaki A, Ampatzi E (2016). Latent heat storage in building elements: A systematic review on properties and contextual performance factors. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 60: 852–866.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Meggers F, Guo H, Teitelbaum E, Aschwanden G, Read J, Houchois N, Pantelic J, Calabrò E (2017). The Thermoheliodome—“Air conditioning” without conditioning the air, using radiant cooling and indirect evaporation. Energy and Buildings, 157: 11–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Meng E, Yu H, Zhan G, He Y (2013). Experimental and numerical study of the thermal performance of a new type of phase change material room. Energy Conversion and Management, 74: 386–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mikeska T, Fan J, Svendsen S (2017). Full scale measurements and CFD investigations of a wall radiant cooling system integrated in thin concrete walls. Energy and Buildings, 139: 242–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Nikoofard S, Ugursal V I, Beausoleil-Morrison I (2015). Technoeconomic assessment of the impact of phase change material thermal storage on the energy consumption and GHG emissions of the Canadian Housing Stock. Building Simulation, 8: 225–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ning B, Chen Y, Liu H, Zhang S (2016). Cooling capacity improvement for a radiant ceiling panel with uniform surface temperature distribution. Building and Environment, 102: 64–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Olesen BW (2002). Radiant floor heating in theory and practice. ASHRAE Journal, 44(7): 19–24.Google Scholar
  32. Rabani M, Kalantar V, Dehghan AA, Faghih AK (2015a). Experimental study of the heating performance of a Trombe wall with a new design. Solar Energy, 118: 359–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Rabani M, Kalantar V, Dehghan AA, Faghih AK (2015b). Empirical investigation of the cooling performance of a new designed Trombe wall in combination with solar chimney and water spraying system. Energy and Buildings, 102: 45–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Romaní J, Pérez G, de Gracia A (2016). Experimental evaluation of a cooling radiant wall coupled to a ground heat exchanger. Energy and Buildings, 129: 484–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Romaní J, Cabeza LF, Pérez G, Pisello AL, de Gracia A (2018a). Experimental testing of cooling internal loads with a radiant wall. Renewable Energy, 116: 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Romaní J, Cabeza LF, de Gracia A (2018b). Development and experimental validation of a transient 2D numeric model for radiant walls. Renewable Energy, 115: 859–870.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rodríguez-Muñoz NA, Nájera-Trejo M, Alarcón-Herrera O, Martín-Domínguez IR (2016). A buildings thermal assessment using dynamic simulation. Indoor and Built Environment, https://doi.org/10.1177/1420326X16668568.Google Scholar
  38. Sharma A, Tyagi VV, Chen CR, Buddhi D (2009). Review on thermal energy storage with phase change materials and applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13: 318–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Soares N, Reinhart C F, Hajiah A (2017). Simulation-based analysis of the use of PCM-wallboards to reduce cooling energy demand and peak-loads in low-rise residential heavyweight buildings in Kuwait. Building Simulation, 10: 481–495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Saadatian O, Sopian K, Lim CH, Asim N, Sulaiman MY (2012). Trombe walls: A review of opportunities and challenges in research and development. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16: 6340–6351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Shen J, Lassue S, Zalewski L, Huang D (2007). Numerical study on thermal behavior of classical or composite Trombe solar walls. Energy and Buildings, 39: 962–974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Shen H, Tan H, Tzempelikos A (2011). The effect of reflective coatings on building surface temperatures, indoor environment and energy consumption—An experimental study. Energy and Buildings, 43: 573–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tian Z, Love JA (2008). A field study of occupant thermal comfort and thermal environments with radiant slab cooling. Building and Environment, 43: 1658–1670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Trebilcock M, Soto-Muñoz J, Yañez M, Figueroa-San Martin R (2017). The right to comfort: A field study on adaptive thermal comfort in free-running primary schools in Chile. Building and Environment, 114: 455–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Welty JR (1978). Engineering Heat Transfer. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  46. Xamán J, Cisneros-Carreño J, Hernández-Pérez I, Hernández-López I, Aguilar-Castro KM, Macias-Melo EV (2017). Thermal Performance of a Hollow Block with/without Insulating and Reflective Materials for Roofing in Mexico. Applied Thermal Engineering, 123: 243–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yuan J, Farnham C, Emura K (2015). Development of a retro-reflective material as building coating and evaluation on albedo of urban canyons and building heat loads. Energy and Buildings, 103: 107–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhou G, Pang M (2015a). Experimental investigations on thermal performance of phase change material–Trombe wall system enhanced by delta winglet vortex generators. Energy, 93: 758–769.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhou G, Pang M (2015b). Experimental investigations on the performance of a collector–storage wall system using phase change materials. Energy Conversion and Management, 105: 178–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhou Y, Zheng S, Chen H, Zhang G (2016). Thermal performance and optimized thickness of active shape-stabilized PCM boards for side-wall cooling and under-floor heating system. Indoor and Built Environment, 25: 1279–1295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhou Y, Liu X, Zhang G (2017). Performance of buildings integrated with a photovoltaic-thermal collector and phase change materials. Procedia Engineering, 205: 1337–1343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhu N, Liu P, Hu P, Liu F, Jiang Z (2015). Modeling and simulation on the performance of a novel double shape-stabilized phase change materials wallboard. Energy and Buildings, 107: 181–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhu N, Liu P, Liu F, Hu P, Wu M (2016). Energy performance of double shape-stabilized phase change materials wallboards in office building. Applied Thermal Engineering, 105: 180–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaohong Liu
    • 1
    • 3
    • 5
  • Yuekuan Zhou
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Guoqiang Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.College of ArchitectureHunan UniversityChangsha, HunanChina
  2. 2.College of Civil EngineeringHunan UniversityChangsha, HunanChina
  3. 3.National Center for International Research Collaboration in Building Safety and EnvironmentHunan UniversityChangsha, HunanChina
  4. 4.Department of Building Services Engineering, Faculty of Construction and EnvironmentThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina
  5. 5.Hunan University Design Institute Co., LTDChangsha, HunanChina

Personalised recommendations