Laparoscopic Choledochoduodenostomy in Bile Duct Stone Diseases

Abstract

Common bile duct (CBD) stones are present in 5–15% of patients with gallstones. Some of these patients are candidates for a definitive biliary drainage procedure for prevention of stone recurrence. The aim of our study was to ascertain the outcome of laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy in choledocholithiasis. After obtaining ethical clearance from the institutional ethical committee, the present prospective and observational study was conducted on 32 patients over a period from September 2017 to September 2020 in the tertiary care hospital. In our study, the total number of patients was 32, of whom 26 (81%) were females. The mean and range of age were 54.44 SD 10.827 and 24–70 years, respectively. The most common presenting feature was jaundice (53.125%). The mean CBD diameter was 24.59 SD 2.564 mm with multiple stones in CBD in 90.625% of our patients. The mean duration of surgery and intraoperative blood loss was 147.94 SD 9.732 and 76.25 SD 12.636 ml, respectively. The mean hospital stay was 6.34 SD 0.827 days with 90.6% of the patients returning to work in the 3rd week. In our study, there was no conversion to open and a single patient developed postoperative ileus which was managed conservatively. There was complete resolution of symptoms on follow-up. Laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy is safe for benign bile duct diseases. It is physiological, with minimal intraoperative blood loss, less operative time, and fewer postoperative complications and is safe with faster recovery.

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Contributions

M R Attri: Operative work; Rajni: conceptualization; Irshad Ahmad Kumar: study design, actual performance of the study; Abdul Hamid Samoon: data analysis; Usha Attri: editing and reviewing

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Correspondence to Irshad Ahmad Kumar.

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Attri, M.R., Bhardwaj, R., Kumar, I.A. et al. Laparoscopic Choledochoduodenostomy in Bile Duct Stone Diseases. Indian J Surg (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12262-021-02768-4

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Keywords

  • Laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy
  • Common bile duct
  • Choledocholithiasis
  • Drainage procedure