Cutaneous Myeloid Sarcoma Mimicking Skin Cancer in Aleukemic Patients: a Diagnostic Challenge in Surgery

Abstract

Aleukemic cutaneous myeloid sarcoma is an extremely rare extramedullary manifestation of leukemia. Surgeons should be aware of the possibility of cutaneous myeloid sarcoma mimicking common skin cancer and consider it in the differential diagnoses when evaluating any patient with skin cancer-like lesions to ensure the prompt treatment of this potentially deadly cutaneous disease. We report three patients with presumed diagnoses of actinic keratosis and skin cancer, which actually turned out to be aleukemic cutaneous myeloid sarcoma.

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Correspondence to Rafael Denadai.

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Araujo, K.M., Galardino, B.R., Carvalho, T.F. et al. Cutaneous Myeloid Sarcoma Mimicking Skin Cancer in Aleukemic Patients: a Diagnostic Challenge in Surgery. Indian J Surg 82, 436–438 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12262-019-01984-3

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Keywords

  • Cutaneous myeloid sarcoma
  • Diagnosis
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Basal cell carcinoma
  • Clinical presentation
  • Keratinocyte carcinoma