Perception of Surgical Teams Towards Surgical Site Infections in Tertiary Care Hospital Islamabad, Pakistan


This study aimed to evaluate the perception of surgical teams (doctors) towards surgical site infections (SSIs). A cross-sectional study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. The questionnaire was completed by 85 surgical team doctors (n = 110) (response rate ≥ 77%). The respondent perception of SSIs was found significant. Patient hospitalization, care of the patient in the ward, intrinsic and extrinsic factors, assessment of malnutrition, a therapy protocol, inappropriate parameters, criteria of KUNIN, pathological examination, the total length of stay, and rational antibiotics prophylaxis (95% CI p < 0.05) are considered responsible variables for the incidence of SSIs. The obesity and the factors related to the ventilation of operating room (95% CI p < 0.05) are counted insignificant for SSI. The internal consistency for the questionnaire’s scale and each factor subscale was good fit (overall = 0.8, each, α ≥ 0.07). Surgeons’ perspective has shown that the associated risk factors and treatment outcomes of surgical patients may have a direct association with the incidence of SSIs.

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The authors would like to pay a token of thanks to Prof. Zafar Malik and all surgical teams of the surgical wards who helped us throughout the project.

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Correspondence to Asim.ur. Rehman.

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Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

Consent was obtained from the participants.

Ethical Approval

Ethical approval was obtained from the hospital and university. The Bio-Ethics Committee (BEC) of Quaid-i-Azam University had approved and permitted this cross-sectional study. The assigned protocol number was (BEC-FBSQAU-103) granted. The Pakistan Institute of medical sciences ethical review board (ERB) also approved the current study and allotted (No. F.11/2015/ERB/SZAMBU) protocol reference.

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Annex-I. List of independent variables and dependent variables

Annex-I. List of independent variables and dependent variables


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Khan, F.U., Khan, Z., Rehman, A. et al. Perception of Surgical Teams Towards Surgical Site Infections in Tertiary Care Hospital Islamabad, Pakistan. Indian J Surg 82, 394–401 (2020).

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  • Surgical site infection
  • Risk factors
  • Cronbach alpha