Prognostic Value of Accumulative Expression of COX-2 and p53 in Small and Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma

Abstract

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays an important role in carcinogenesis, which catalyzes the conversion of arachidonic acid into prostaglandins. P53 is a tumor suppressor gene that contributes to apoptosis and cell cycle control. There is functional interaction between p53 and COX-2, which lead to abrogation of apoptosis and progression of malignancy. To assess the relationship between COX-2, p53 expression and the clinicopathololgic features in SLL and DLBCL. We immunohistochemically examined the expression of COX-2 and p53 in non-neoplastic lymphoid cells, lymph nodal low-grade (50 cases of SLL), intermediate and high-grade lymphomas (100 cases of DLBCL) and their corresponding bone marrow specimens. The expression of COX-2 and p53 was absent in the in non-neoplastic lymphoid cells. In contrast, their expression values increased progressively with the advancing grade of lymphoma (p < 0.001). COX-2 expression was significantly associated with advanced disease stage, high-grade lymphomas, and disease relapse and p53 expression. The p53was detected in 64.5% in patients positive for COX-2. The expressions of COX-2 and p53 proteins, were significantly associated with shorter overall-survival and progression free survival. Here we report up-regulation of COX-2and p53 protein expression in SLL and DLBCL indicating their interactive involvement in the pathogenesis of lymphoma. Our data provide a rationale for further investigation of COX-2 expression in lymphomas for potential prognostic, chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic purposes.

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Correspondence to Amen H. Zaky.

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Zaky, A.H., Elsers, D., Bakry, R. et al. Prognostic Value of Accumulative Expression of COX-2 and p53 in Small and Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma. Pathol. Oncol. Res. 26, 1183–1190 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12253-019-00674-5

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Keywords

  • p53
  • COX-2
  • Lymphoma