Advertisement

American Journal of Potato Research

, Volume 95, Issue 5, pp 443–450 | Cite as

Evaluation of “UFV Aeroponic System” to Produce Basic Potato Seed Minitubers

  • Jaime Barros da Silva FilhoEmail author
  • Paulo Cezar Rezende Fontes
  • Paulo Roberto Cecon
  • Milton E. McGiffenJr
Article
  • 379 Downloads

Abstract

We evaluated misting nozzle types and the coating on the bucket’s inner wall on the yield of basic potato seed minitubers. Tubers of potato cv. Agata were sprouted in a non-acclimatized greenhouse from June to September 2013. Six treatments were evaluated, three types of misting nozzle (32 L/h with anti-drip, 32 L/h without anti-drip, and 9 L/h without anti-drip) and two types of bucket inner lining, with and without polyurethane, with four replications. Dry weight of roots, stems and leaves besides minituber number and tuber fresh weight were evaluated. The “UFV Aeroponic System” effectively produces minitubers and should be equipped with a fogger with an outflow of 32 L/h without anti-drip and no inner lining of the bucket for optimal yield.

Keywords

Solanum tuberosum L. Misting nozzle Polyurethane Fog and nutrient solution 

Resumo

Avaliamos tipos de nebulizador e revestimento da parede interna do balde empregado no sistema sobre a produção de minitubérculos de batata semente básica. O experimento foi conduzido com a cultivar Ágata, utilizando-se broto como material propagativo, em casa de vegetação não climatizada, no período de junho a setembro de 2013. Foram avaliados seis tratamentos, três tipos de nebulizadores (32 L/h com antigotas, 32 L/h sem antigotas e 9 L/h sem antigotas) e dois tipos de revestimento interno do balde, com poliuretano e sem revestimento, com quatro repetições. Avaliaram-se as seguintes características por planta: número (NTU) e massa da matéria fresca (FTU) de minitubérculos em função de épocas de colheita; massas de matérias secas de raiz; haste; folhas; total; e a soma total para NTU e FTU. O “Sistema Aeropônico UFV” equipado com o nebulizador de vazão 32 L/h sem antigotas e não revestimento interno do balde que é eficaz para produzir minitubérculos de batata semente básica.

Palavras-chave

Solanum tuberosum L. Nebulizador Poliuretano Névoa e solução nutritiva 

Resumen

Evaluamos boquillas de nebulización y el revestimiento en la pared interna del recipiente sobre el rendimiento de minitubérculos de semilla básica de papa. Se brotaron tubérculos de papa de la variedad “Agata” en un invernadero no climatizado de junio a septiembre de 2013. Se evaluaron seis tratamientos, tres tipos de boquillas de nebulización (32 L/h con antigoteo, 32 L/h sin antigoteo, y 9 L/h sin antigoteo) y dos tipos de revestimiento interno del recipiente con y sin poliuretano, con cuatro repeticiones. Se evaluaron el peso seco de las raíces, tallos y hojas, además del número y peso fresco de los minitubérculos. El “sistema aeropónico UFV” produce minitubérculos efectivamente y debería equiparse con un nebulizador con una salida de 32 L/h sin antigoteo y sin cubierta interna del recipiente para un rendimiento óptimo.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), and Foundation of Support Research of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil (FAPEMIG) for their financial support.

References

  1. Benkeblia N. 2014. Omics technologies and crop improvement. Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group.Google Scholar
  2. Buckseth, T., A.K. Sharma, K.K. Pandey, B.P. Singh, and R. Muthuraj. 2016. Methods of pre-basic seed potato production with special reference to aeroponics – A review. Scientia Horticulturae 204: 79–87.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2016.03.041.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cayambe, J.M.T. 2010. Evaluación de soluciones nutritivas dinámicas para la producción de tubérculo–semilla categoría prebásica en dos variedades de papa bajo el sistema aeropónico. Cutuglagua, Pichincha. Monografia (Engenheiro Agrônomo), Universidad Central del Ecuador, Quito.Google Scholar
  4. Cayambe, J., F. Montesdeoca, and J.L. Andrade-Piedra. 2011. Producción de semilla prebásica de papa en el sistema aeropónico en Ecuador: evaluación de soluciones Nutritivas.Google Scholar
  5. Chang, D.C., C. Cho, J.T. Suh, S.J. Kim, and Y.B. Lee. 2011. Growth and yield response of three aeroponically grown potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum L.) to different electrical conductivities of nutrient solution. American Journal of Potato Research 88 (6): 450–458.  https://doi.org/10.1007/S12230-011-9211-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chiipanthenga, M., M. Maliro, P. Demo, and J. Njoloma. 2012. Potential of aeroponics system in the production ofquality potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) seed indeveloping countries. African Journal of Biotechnology 11 (17): 3993–3999.  https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB10.1138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Corrêa, R.M., J.E.B.P. Pinto, C.A.B.P. Pinto, V. Faquin, E.S. Reis, A.B. Monteiro, and W.E. Dyer. 2008. A comparison of potato seed tuber yields in beds, pots and hydroponic systems. Scientia Horticulturae 116: 17–20.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2007.10.031.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Daniels, J., A.S. Pereira, and G.R.L. Fortes. 2000. Verticalização da produção da batata-semente por produtores de agricultura familiar no Rio Grande do Sul. Embrapa Clima Temperado, Brazil (Technical Communication).Google Scholar
  9. Durán, J., E. Martínez, and L. Navas. 2000. Los cultivos sin suelo: de la hidroponía a la aeroponía (I). Vida Rural 101 (1): 40–43.Google Scholar
  10. Factor, T.L., J.A.C. Araujo, F.P.C. Kawakami, and V. Iunck. 2007. Produção de minitubérculos básicos de batata em três sistemas hidropônicos. Horticultura Brasileira 25 (1): 82–87.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362007000100016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Farran, I., and A.M. Mingo-Castel. 2006. Potato minituber production using aeroponics: Effects of density and harvest intervals. American Journal of Potato Research 83 (1): 47–53.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02869609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Furlani, P.R. 1998. Instruções para o cultivo de hortaliças de folhas pela técnica de hidroponia NFT. Campinas: IAC, Brazil. (Technical Bulletin, 168).Google Scholar
  13. Jensen, M.H. 2001. Controlled environment agriculture in deserts, tropics and temperate region - a world review. Acta Horticulturae 578: 19–25.  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2002.578.1.
  14. Kloosterman, B., and C. Bachem. 2014. Tuber development. In The potato: Botany, production and uses, ed. Roy Navarre and Mark Pavek, 45–63. Washington: CAB International ISBN: 978-1-78064-280-2.Google Scholar
  15. Lakkireddy, K.K.R., K. Kasturi, and K.R.S. Sambasiva Rao. 2012. Role of hydroponics and aeroponics in soilless culture in commercial food production. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 1 (1): 26–35.Google Scholar
  16. Masengesho, J., J.C. Nshimiyimana, N. Senkesha, and P.Y.K. Sallah. 2012. Performance of Irish potato varieties under aeroponic conditions in Rwanda. Rwanda Journal 28 (E): 84–94.  https://doi.org/10.4314/rj.v28i1.7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mateus-Rodríguez, J.F. 2010. Efecto del ambiente sobre la producción de minitubérculos de 10 genotipos de papa cultivados bajo un sistema aeropónico. 121p. Master’s thesis (MS in Crop Science), Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, Perú.Google Scholar
  18. Mateus-Rodríguez, J., S. De Haan, I. Barker, C. Chuquillanqui, and A. Rodríguez-Delfín. 2012. Response of three potato cultivars grown in a novel aeroponics system for mini-tuber seed production. Acta Horticulturae 947 (1): 361–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mateus-Rodríguez, J.R.M., S. Haan, J.L.A. Piedra, L. Maldonado, G. Hareau, I. Barker, C. Chuquillanqui, V. Otazú, R. Frisancho, C. Bastos, A.S. Pereira, C.A. Medeiros, F. Montesdeoca, and J. Benítez. 2013. Technical and economic analysis of aeroponics and other systems for potato mini-tuber production in Latin America. American Journal of Potato Research 90 (4): 357–368.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230-013-9312-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Medeiros, C.A.B., A.H. Ziemer, J. Daniels, and A.S. Pereira. 2002. Produção de sementes pré-básicas de batata em sistemas hidropônicos. Horticultura Brasileira 20: 110–114.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362002000100022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Muthoni, J., and J. Kabira. 2014. Multiplication of seed potatoes in a conventional potato breeding programme: A case of Kenya’s national potato programme. Australian Journal of Crop Science 8 (8): 1195–1199.Google Scholar
  22. Oraby, H., A. Lachance, and Y. Desjardins. 2015. A low nutrient solution temperature and the application of stress treatments increase potato mini-tubers production in an aeroponic system. American Journal of Potato Research 92: 387–397.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230-015-9444-x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Otazú, V. 2010. Manual on quality seed potato production using aeroponics. International Potato Center (CIP), Lima.Google Scholar
  24. Peckenpaugh, D.J. 2004. Hydroponic solution: hydroponic growing tips. New Moon Publishing, Inc. v.1. ISBN: 094457-04-X.Google Scholar
  25. Ritter, E., B. Angulo, P. Riga, C. Herrán, J. Relloso, and M. San Jose. 2001. Comparison of hydroponic and aeroponic cultivation systems for the production of potato minitubers. Potato Research 44: 127–135.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02410099.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rodrigues, L.F.R. 2002. Técnicas de cultivo protegido e de controle ambiental no manejo de pragas, doenças e nutrição vegetal em ambiente protegido. FUNEP, Brazil.Google Scholar
  27. Silva Filho, J.B. 2011. Indices of nitrogen in plant and tuber yield of seed potatoes in a hydroponic system of three phases. Master’s thesis (MS in Crop Science), Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.Google Scholar
  28. Szykitka, W. 2004. The big book of self-reliant living: Advice and information on just about everything you need to know to live on planet earth. 2nd ed. Guilford: The Lyons Press.Google Scholar
  29. Taiz, L., and E. Zeiger. 2012. Plant phisiology. 5th ed. Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates Inc., Publishers Sunderland.Google Scholar
  30. Tierno, R., A. Carrasco, E. Ritter, and J.I.R. Galarreta. 2014. Differential growth response and minituber production of three potato cultivars under aeroponics and greenhouse bed culture. American Journal of Potato Research 91 (4): 346–353.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230-013-9354-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Virtanen, E., and J. Tuomisto. 2017. Hydroponic minituber production in growth room conditions and carry-over effects of the technique on produced minitubers. Journal of Agricultural Science 9: 41–48.  https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v9n1p41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Potato Association of America 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaime Barros da Silva Filho
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paulo Cezar Rezende Fontes
    • 1
  • Paulo Roberto Cecon
    • 1
  • Milton E. McGiffenJr
    • 2
  1. 1.Federal University of ViçosaViçosaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Botany and Plant SciencesUniversity of California RiversideRiversideUSA

Personalised recommendations