American Journal of Potato Research

, Volume 95, Issue 2, pp 139–143 | Cite as

Preliminary Evidence of Nocturnal Transpiration and Stomatal Conductance in Potato and their Interaction with Drought and Yield

  • David A. Ramírez
  • Wendy Yactayo
  • José L. Rolando
  • Roberto Quiroz
Article

Abstract

In spite of the growing evidence showing the occurrence of nocturnal water exchange measured by stomatal conductance (SCnight, related to stomatal openness) and transpiration (TRnight, related to water losses) in different crops, how those processes are affected by soil water availability is still unknown. A preliminary study was conducted to test the occurrence of TRnight and SCnight (assessed in two moments) in two potato cultivars (UNICA and Sarnav), subjected to a long-term water restriction. The overall TRnight average were 9.0 ± 0.6 and 5.4 ± 2.6% for total daily transpiration under well-watered and water restricted conditions, respectively. Cultivar differences in early night and predawn SCnight and TRnight were more evident under non-restricted water conditions. Tuber yield was linearly correlated with TRnight and predawn and early-night SCnight. These preliminary findings emphasize the need for future research to corroborate the detection of TRnight and SCnight under water restrictions in potato, addressing the functional implications of these traits and the usefulness of SCnight for screening large sets of genotypes for potato breeding.

Keywords

Nocturnal transpiration Night-time conductance Solanum tuberosum Water restriction 

Resumen

Si bien existe creciente evidencia sobre la ocurrencia de intercambio de agua nocturna medida por la conductancia estomatal (SCnoche, relacionada con la abertura del estoma) y transpiración (TRnoche, relacionada a la pérdida de agua) en diferentes cultivos, aun se desconoce como estos procesos son afectados por la disponibilidad de agua en el suelo. Un estudio preliminar para probar la ocurrencia de TRnoche y SCnoche (evaluado en dos momentos) fue llevado a cabo en dos variedades de papa (UNICA y Sarnav), sujetas a restricción hídrica prolongada. El promedio de TRnoche correspondió entre  9.0 ± 0.6 y de 5.4 ± 2.6% del valor de la transpiración diaria total bajo condiciones de buen suministro de agua y de restricción hídrica, respectivamente. Las diferencias entre variedades en SCnoche y Tnoche medidas temprano en la noche y previo al amanecer fueron más evidentes bajo condiciones sin restricción de agua. El rendimiento de tubérculo estuvo correlacionado linealmente con TRnoche y SCnoche medida  temprano en la noche y  pre-amanecer. Estos hallazgos preliminares enfatizan la necesidad de investigación futura para corroborar la detección de TRnoche y SCnoche bajo restricciones de agua en papa, analizándose las implicaciones funcionales de estos caracteres y la utilidad de SCnoche para la evaluación de grandes grupos de genotipos para el mejoramiento de papa.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was conducted under the CGIAR Research Programs (CRP) on Root, Tuber and Bananas (RTB) and Water Land and Ecosystems, and the bilateral projects: - BMZ/GIZ “Improved potato genotypes and water management technologies to enhance water use efficiency, resilience, cost-effectiveness, and productivity of smallholder farms in stress-prone Central Asian environments”, - PNIA-N°: 016-2015-INIA-PNIA/UPMSI/IE “Uso efectivo del agua en el cultivo de papa en zonas áridas: Mejorando el manejo del riego mediante el monitoreo del estatus hídrico para enfrentar al Cambio Climático”. Authors thank Libby Rens, Nikolai Alarcón and Jesús Zamalloa for their assistance in the trial management and physiological measurements. Authors are also indebted to MSc. Felipe de Mendiburu for his advice and support in the statistical analysis and Dr. Victor Mares who helped editing and correcting of the final version of this communication.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Potato Center (CIP)Lima 12Peru
  2. 2.Water Resources Doctoral ProgramUniversidad Nacional Agraria La MolinaLimaPeru
  3. 3.Gansu Key Laboratories of Arid and Crop Science, Crop Genetic and Germplasm Enhancement, Agronomy CollegeGansu Agricultural UniversityLanzhouChina
  4. 4.North Florida Research and Education CenterUniversity of FloridaMariannaUSA

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