Taxonomic notes on Stachytarpheta (Verbenaceae) from Brazil

Summary

The taxonomic identity of Stachytarpheta confertifolia Moldenke, S. chapadensis Moldenke and S. confertifolia var. puberulenta Moldenke is revised. The protologues, herbarium collections and literature were thoroughly examined, and we re-establish S. chapadensis and consider S. confertifolia var. puberulenta as a new synonym of S. chapadensis. We provide updated descriptions of the species, distribution maps and information about habitat and conservation status.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Map 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Atkins, S. (2005). The genus Stachytarpheta (Verbenaceae) in Brazil. Kew Bull. 60: 161 – 272.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Bachman, S., Moat, J., Hill, A. W., de la Torre, J. & Scott, B. (2011). Supporting red list threat assessments with GeoCAT: Geospatial conservation assessment tool. ZooKeys 126: 117 – 126.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. BFG — The Brazil Flora Group (2018). Brazilian Flora 2020: Innovation and collaboration to meet Target 1 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC). Rodriguésia 69: 1513 – 1527.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Cardoso, P. H., Alves, R. J. V., Menini Neto, L. & Salimena, F. R. G. (2019a). Stachytarpheta sobraliana (Verbenaceae), a new species from the Serra de São José, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Phytotaxa 415: 286 – 292.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Cardoso, P. H., Lima, L. V., Dittrich, V. A. O. & Salimena, F. R. G. (2019b). Typifications and additional taxonomic notes in Brazilian Stachytarpheta (Verbenaceae). Phytotaxa 411: 223 – 229.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Cardoso, P. H., Menini Neto, L. & Salimena, F. R. G. (2019c). A new species of Stachytarpheta (Verbenaceae) from an inselberg of Espírito Santo state, Brazil. Phytotaxa 400: 273 – 278.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Cardoso, P. H., Menini Neto, L. & Salimena, F. R. G. (2019d). Stachytarpheta grandiflora, a new species of Verbenaceae from the Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Phytotaxa 413: 61 – 66.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Gonçalves, E. G. & Lorenzi, H. J. (2007). Morfologia vegetal: organografia e dicionário ilustrado de morfologia das plantas vasculares. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora, São Paulo [in Portuguese].

  9. Harley, R. M., Antar, G. M. & Giulietti, A. M. (2019). Stachytarpheta atkinsiae, a new species of Verbenaceae endemic to the Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil. Phytotaxa 401: 127 – 132.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Harris, J. G. & Harris, M. W. (2003). Plant identification terminology: an illustrated glossary. 2ndedn. Spring Lake Publ., Spring Lake.

  11. IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Version 3.1, 2nd edn. IUCN, Cambridge & Gland.

  12. Jacobi, C. M. & Carmo, F. D. (2008). Diversidade dos campos rupestres ferruginosos no Quadrilátero Ferrífero, MG. Megadiversidade, 4: 24 – 32.

  13. Marx, H., O'Leary, N., Yuan, Y., Lu-Irving, P., Tank, D., Múlgura, M. E. & Olmstead, R. (2010). A molecular phylogeny and classification of Verbenaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 97: 1647 – 1663.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Moldenke, H. N. (1947). Notes on new and noteworthy plants I. Phytologia 2: 213 – 242.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Moldenke, H. N. (1973). Seven novelties from North and South America. Phytologia 25: 117 – 120.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Moldenke, H. N. (1975). Notes on new and noteworthy plants LXXX. Phytologia 31: 373.

    Google Scholar 

  17. O’Leary, N., Calviño, C. I., Martínez, S., Lu-Irving, P., Olmstead, R. G. & Múlgura, M. E. (2012). Evolution of morphological traits in Verbenaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 99: 1778 – 1792.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Radford, A. E., Dickinson, W. C., Massey, J. R. & Bell, C. R. (1974). Vascular Plant Systematics. Harper Collins, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Salimena, F. R. G., França, F. & Silva, T. R. S. (2009). Verbenaceae. In: A. M. Giulietti, A. Rapini, M. J. G. Andrade, L. P. Queiroz & J. M. C. Silva (eds), Plantas raras do Brasil. Conservação Internacional, Belo Horizonte [in Portuguese].

  20. Thiers, B. (continuously updated). Index Herbariorum: a Global Directory of Public Herbaria and Associated Staff. New York Botanical Gardens Virtual Herbarium. Available at: <http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih>. Accessed 19 Feb 2019.

Download references

Acknowledgements

We offer our thanks to Flavio Fonseca do Carmo for loaning Stachytarpheta confertifolia specimens to the CESJ Herbarium.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Pedro Henrique Cardoso.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Cardoso, P.H., Menini Neto, L. & Salimena, F.R.G. Taxonomic notes on Stachytarpheta (Verbenaceae) from Brazil. Kew Bull 75, 17 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-020-9875-5

Download citation

Key Words

  • Duranteae
  • Lamiales
  • Neotropics
  • re-establishment
  • synonym
  • taxonomy