Pediocin PA-1 is a bacteriocin that shows strongly anti-microbial activity against some Gram-positive pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterococcus faecalis. With the broad inhibitory spectrum as well as high-temperature stability, pediocin has a potential application in the food preservation and pharmaceutical industry. Pediocin has been studied to express in many heterologous expression systems such as Escherichia coli, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Pichia pastoris as a free peptide. Here we showed in this study a new strategy by using yeast surface display system to produce the anchored pediocin PA-1 on the cell surface of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which could be used directly as a pediocin resource. We had successfully constructed a recombinant S. cerevisiae W303 strain that could express pediocin PA-1 on the cell surface. The pediocin-expressing yeast could inhibit the growth of Shigella boydii and Shigella flexneri, which have never been reported before for pediocin activity. Besides, the pediocin expression level of the recombinant S. cerevisiae strain was also evaluated in three different media: synthetic defined (SD), basic medium (BM), and fermentation medium (FM). BM medium was shown to give the highest production yield of the recombinant yeast (4.75 ± 0.75 g dry cell weight per 1 L of culture) with the ratio number of the pediocin-expressing cells of 93.46 ± 2.45%. Taken together, the results clearly showed that pediocin can be displayed on yeast cell surface as anchored protein. The application of yeast cell surface system enables a new door of pediocin application on either food or feed industries.
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The authors are thankful to the Laboratory of Molecular Biotechnology for supporting and providing all necessary facilities to conduct the work.
This work was financially supported by Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, grant number: C2020-18-25.
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Nguyen, T.P.A., Nguyen, T.T.M., Nguyen, N.H. et al. Application of yeast surface display system in expression of recombinant pediocin PA-1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Folia Microbiol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12223-020-00804-6