Use of the β-Cyclodextrin Additive as a Good Alternative for the Substitution of Environmentally Harmful Additives in Industrial Dyeing Processes


In this work, the substitution of environmentally harmful additives in the industrial dyeing process of polyamide-6 microfiber-made knitted fabrics (PA-6µFKF) was studied. Using the disperse red 60 (DR60) dye, kinetic adsorption tests on the PA-6µFKF dyeing were performed by using either β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) additive, commercial leveling agents, or without additives. Equilibrium tests were also performed during 25 h. A modelling based on a dye adsorption process controlled by an intraparticle diffusion was proposed to represent the sets of kinetic data. Three isotherm models were also tested for representing the equilibrium data. The kinetic data have evidenced three main dye diffusion zones. Different adsorption mechanisms on PA-6µFKF surface dyeing was evidenced, being the data well represented by the two-step Langmuir isotherm. Finally, the best quality on color uniformity was attained using the β-CD additive, revealing a good alternative for the substitution of environmentally harmful additives in industrial dyeing processes.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    S. Xu, J. Chen, B. Wang, and Y. Yang, J. Cleaner Prod., 112, 987 (2016).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    M. A. Tavanaie, A. M. Shoushtari, and F. Goharpey, J. Cleaner Prod., 18, 1866 (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    B. Voncina in “Textile Dyeing” (P. J. Hauser Ed.), pp.372–392, InTech Books and Journals, 2011.

  4. 4.

    B. Voncina and V. Vivod in “Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing” (M. Gunay Ed.), pp.53-75, InTech, 2013.

  5. 5.

    A. Cireli and B. Yurdakul, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 100, 208 (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    E. B. P. Savarino, S. Parlati, R. Buscaino, P. Piccinini, and I. Degani, Dyes Pigm., 60, 223 (2004).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    B. Vončina, V. Vivod, and D. Jaušovec, Dyes Pigm., 74, 642 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    E. Bakan, F. Karcı, and O. Avinc, Fiber. Polym., 19, 670 (2018).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    O. J. Otutu and A. K. Asiagwu, J. Sci. Res., 11, 215 (2019).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    S. Parlati, R. Gobetto, C. Barolo, A. Arrais, R. Buscaino, C. Medana, and P. Savarino, J. Inclusion Phenom. Macrocyclic Chem., 57, 463 (2007).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    A. R. Hedges, Chem. Rev., 98, 2035 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    A. D. Broadbent, “Basic Principles of Textile Coloration”, Society of Dyers and Colourists, 2001.

  13. 13.

    J. G. Grundy, J. Soc. Dyers Colour., 60, 205 (1944).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    S. M. Burkinshaw, “Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration”, John Wiley & Sons, 2016.

  15. 15.

    A. Ebadi, J. S. Soltan Mohammadzadeh, and A. Khudiev, Adsorption, 15, 65 (2009).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    L. N. Konda, I. Czinkota, G. Füleky, and G. Morovján, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 7326 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    I. Czinkota, R. Földényi, Z. Lengyel, and A. Marton, Chemosphere, 48, 725 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    V. M. Esquerdo, T. R. S. C. Jr, G. L. Dotto, and L. A. A. Pinto, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 424, 7 (2014).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    N. Rabiei, M. H. Kish, S. H. Amirshahi, and M. Radjabian, Dyes Pigm., 94, 386 (2012).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    S. A. Holmes and S. H. Zeronian, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 55, 1573 (1995).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    K. Gharanjig, F. S. Dadras, M. Sadeghi-Kiakhani, and S. Tafaghodi, J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 34, 381 (2013).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    K. H. Park, M. Casetta, and V. Koncar, Color. Technol., 118, 319 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    C. Makhlouf, C. Kacem, S. Roudesli, and F. Sakli, J. Appl. Sci., 8, 77 (2008).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    W. J. Weber and J. C. Morris, J. Sanit. Eng. Div., Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 89, 31 (1963).

    Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    J. Odvárka and J. Huňková, J. Soc. Dyers Colour., 99, 207 (1983).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    H. M. Dardeer, A. A. El-sisi, A. A. Emam, and N. M. Hilal, Int. J. Text. Sci., 6, 79 (2017).

    Google Scholar 

Download references


The authors thank to the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) for the financial support.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Fernando Rodolfo Espinoza-Quiñones.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ferreira, B.T.M., Espinoza-Quiñones, F.R., Borba, C.E. et al. Use of the β-Cyclodextrin Additive as a Good Alternative for the Substitution of Environmentally Harmful Additives in Industrial Dyeing Processes. Fibers Polym 21, 1266–1274 (2020).

Download citation


  • Color quality
  • Industrial dyeing
  • Diffusion model
  • Adsorption mechanism