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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 635–640 | Cite as

Evaluating the Mechanical Behavior of Basalt Fibers/Epoxy Composites Containing Surface-modified CaCO3 Nanoparticles

  • Arezoo Abdi
  • Reza Eslami-Farsani
  • Hamed Khosravi
Article
  • 64 Downloads

Abstract

Polymer matrix composites (PMCs) owing to their outstanding properties such as high strength, low weight, high thermal stability and chemical resistance are broadly utilized in various industries. In the present work, the influence of silanized CaCO3 (S-CaCO3) with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (3-APTMS) coupling agent at different values (0, 1, 3 and 5 wt.% with respect to the matrix) on the mechanical behavior of basalt fibers (BF)/epoxy composites was examined. BF-reinforced composites were fabricated via hand lay-up technique. Experimental results from three-point bending and tensile tests showed that with the dispersion of 3 wt.% S-CaCO3, flexural strength, flexural modulus, tensile strength and tensile modulus enhanced by 28 %, 35 %, 20 % and 30 %, respectively. Microscopic examinations revealed that the development of the mechanical properties of fibrous composites with the incorporation of modified CaCO3 was related to enhancement in the load transfer between the nanocomposite matrix and BF as well as enhanced mechanical properties of the matrix part.

Keywords

Polymer matrix composites, Basalt fibers, CaCO3 nanoparticles, Surface modification, Mechanical properties, Microscopic examinations 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arezoo Abdi
    • 1
  • Reza Eslami-Farsani
    • 1
  • Hamed Khosravi
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Materials Science and EngineeringK. N. Toosi University of TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of Sistan and BaluchestanZahedanIran

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