Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 498–506 | Cite as

The Preparation and Characterization of Ultrafine Fatty Acid Ester/Poly(meta-phenylene isophthalamide) Phase Change Fibers Designed for Thermo-regulating Protective Clothing

  • Weiwang Chen
  • Shunjiang Ni
  • Wenguo Weng
  • Ming Fu


Poly(meta-phenylene isophthalamide, PMIA)-based phase change fibers (PCFs) with fatty acid ester (i.e. HPCMEs) as the functional ingredient were successfully fabricated by emulsion electrospinning. Subsequent characterizations by FE-SEM, TEM, DSC and TGA were performed to investigate their morphology, structure, thermal storage and decomposition behavior, respectively. Experimental results reveal that the fabricated PCFs are randomly arranged and show a good cylindrical structure with fiber diameters ranging from tens to hundreds of nanometers. Most of the HPCMEs are well encapsulated by PMIA sheaths and appear as isolated segments or elongated channels inside the fiber. Given their proper phase change span (30-40°C), considerable enthalpies, good shape stability and greatly enhanced thermal resistance, the prepared HPCMEs/PMIA PCFs are expected to have wide prospects in thermo-regulating protective clothing and other fields related to thermal energy storage.


Fibers Electrospinning Phase Change Materials Morphology Thermal properties 


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Supplementary material

12221_2018_7180_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (156 kb)
Ultrafine Fatty Acid Ester/Poly (meta-phenylene isophthalamide) Phase Change Fibers for Thermo-regulating Protective Clothing


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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weiwang Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shunjiang Ni
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wenguo Weng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ming Fu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Engineering Physics, Institute of Public Safety ResearchTsinghua UniversityBeijingPR China
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory of City Integrated Emergency Response ScienceTsinghua UniversityBeijingPR China
  3. 3.Hefei Institute for Public Safety ResearchTsinghua UniversityHefei, Anhui ProvincePR China

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