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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 18, Issue 10, pp 1924–1930 | Cite as

Investigation on hydrostatic resistance and thermal performance of layered waterproof breathable fabrics

  • Abdur Razzaque
  • Pavla Tesinova
  • Lubos Hes
  • Jana Salacova
  • Hafiz Affan Abid
Article

Abstract

Waterproof breathable layered fabrics allow water vapor passing through, but resist liquid water to pass. This ability of the fabrics to protect rain and snow water while allowing sweat vapor to evaporate from inside to outside atmosphere, leads them to be used as outdoor sportswear or protective clothing. The big challenge of enhanced hydrostatic resistance of these fabrics with proper breathability and thermal comfort has widened the research scope. This study presents an experimental investigation on hydrostatic resistance and thermal behavior of layered waterproof breathable fabrics. Six different types of hydrophobic and hydrophilic membrane laminated layered fabrics were evaluated by varying different fabric parameters in the experiment. Hydrostatic resistance and water vapor permeability of the laminated fabrics were measured by SDL ATLAS Hydrostatic Head Tester and PERMETEST respectively. Thermal properties were evaluated by ALAMBETA instrument. Moreover, FX-3300 air permeability tester was used to measure air permeability which represents the porosity of the fabrics and computer based See System software was used for water contact angle measurement on the outer fabric surface in order to determine the hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties. This experiment clearly discusses the influence of different fabric characteristics and parameters on hydrostatic resistance and thermal properties of the breathable laminated fabrics. The results show that fabric material composition, density, thickness, and hydrophobic and hydrophilic membranes have significant effects on hydrostatic resistance, breathability and thermal properties of different laminated fabrics.

Keywords

Waterproof Breathability Hydrostatic resistance Water vapor permeability Thermal properties 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdur Razzaque
    • 1
  • Pavla Tesinova
    • 1
  • Lubos Hes
    • 1
  • Jana Salacova
    • 2
  • Hafiz Affan Abid
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Textile EvaluationTechnical University of LiberecLiberecCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Material EngineeringTechnical University of LiberecLiberecCzech Republic

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