Microgravity Science and Technology

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 435–443 | Cite as

Influence of Contact Angle Boundary Condition on CFD Simulation of T-Junction

  • S. AriasEmail author
  • A. Montlaur
Original Article


In this work, we study the influence of the contact angle boundary condition on 3D CFD simulations of the bubble generation process occurring in a capillary T-junction. Numerical simulations have been performed with the commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics solver ANSYS Fluent v15.0.7. Experimental results serve as a reference to validate numerical results for four independent parameters: the bubble generation frequency, volume, velocity and length. CFD simulations accurately reproduce experimental results both from qualitative and quantitative points of view. Numerical results are very sensitive to the gas-liquid-wall contact angle boundary conditions, confirming that this is a fundamental parameter to obtain accurate CFD results for simulations of this kind of problems.


Microgravity Two-phase flows Bubble generation T-junction Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Contact angle 



This work has been financially supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Secretaría de Estado de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación (Project numbers ESP2016-79196-P and MTM2013-46313-R) and the Generalitat de Catalunya (Grant number 2017-SGR-1278).


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Escola d’Enginyeria de Telecomunicació i Aeroespacial de CastelldefelsUniversitat Politècnica de CatalunyaCastelldefelsSpain
  2. 2.Escola d’Enginyeria de Telecomunicació i Aeroespacial de Castelldefels, Laboratori de Càlcul Numèric ( Politècnica de CatalunyaCastelldefelsSpain

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