Microgravity Science and Technology

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 353–359 | Cite as

Effect of Marangoni Convection on Surfactant Transfer Between the Drop Connected to the Reservoir and Surrounding Liquid

  • K. KostarevEmail author
  • M. Denisova
  • A. Shmyrov
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Non-Equilibrium Processes in Continuous Media under Microgravity


The paper presents the results of comparative investigation of the interaction between the capillary and buoyant mechanisms of motion in a problem of surfactant mass transfer between an insoluble drop and surrounding fluid under different gravity conditions. The research was performed for the drop that is coupled with the reservoir filled with a source mixture through a long thin tube (needle). Visualization of the flow patterns and concentration fields has shown that surfactant diffusion from the needle at normal gravity leads to the onset of the oscillatory mode of the capillary convection in the drop. It has been found that the frequency of the Marangoni convection outbursts, the lifetime of the oscillatory flow modes and the amount of the source mixture involved in the process of mass transfer depend on the drop size and initial concentration of the surfactant. The obtained results are compared with the cases of surfactant diffusion from the isolated drop under terrestrial conditions and from the drop coupled with reservoir in microgravity. Additionally, a series of experiments were performed to investigate diffusion of a surfactant from the surrounding solution into a drop.


Mass transfer Marangoni convection Drop 



The study is supported by Program of UD RAS, project number 18-11-1-8


  1. Agble, D., Mendes-Tatsis, M.A.: The effect of surfactant on interfacial mass transfer in binary liquid-liquid systems. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 43, 1025–1034 (2000)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Agble, D., Mendes-Tatsis, M.A.: The prediction of Marangony convection in binary liquid-liquid systems with added surfactant. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 44, 1439–1449 (2001)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Bratukhin, Y.K.: Stability of a spherical drop with surfactant mass transfer. Fluid Dyn. 24, 497 (1989)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Brutin, D., Zhu, Z.Q., Rahli, O., Xie, J.C., Liu, Q.S., Tadrist, L.: Evaporation of ethanol drops on a heated substrate under microgravity conditions. Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22(3), 387–395 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen, X., Zhu, Z.Q., Liu, Q.S., Wang, X.-W.: Thermodynamic behaviors of macroscopic liquid droplets evaporation from heated substrates. Microgravity Sci. Technol. 27(5), 353–360 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Golovin, A.A., Rabinovich, L.M.: Hydrochemical stability of a drop in the mass transfer of surfactants. J. Appl. Mech.Techn. Phys. 29(5), 694–701 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kim, M., Kostarev, K., Pisarevskaya, N., Viviani, A.: Terrestrial simulation of drop saturation by a surfactant under microgravity conditions. Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 192, 185–194 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kostarev, K.G.: The study of the extraction of surface-active component of a binary liquid from model (“Cylindrical”) droplets. Colloid J. 67, 318–323 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kostarev, K.G., Levtov, V.L., Romanov, V.V., Shmyrov, A.V., Zuev, A.L., Viviani, A.: Experimental study of surfactant transfer in fluid systems in microgravity conditions. Acta Astronaut. 66(3-4), 427–433 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kosvintsev, S.R., Reshetnikov, D.G.: Droplet motion induced by diffusion of soluble surfactant to the external medium: experiment. Colloid J. 63, 318–325 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lewis, J.B., Pratt, H.R.C.: Oscillating droplet. Nature 171, 1155 (1953)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Li, X., Mao, Z.-S., Fei, W.: Effects of surface-active agents on mass transfer of a solute into single buoyancy driven drops in solvent extraction systems. Chem. Eng. Sci. 58(16), 3793–3806 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mizev, A., Denisova, M., Kostarev, K., Birikh, R., Viviani, A.: Threshold onset of Marangoni convection in narrow channels. Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 192, 163–173 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schwabe, D., Tanaka, S., Mizev, A., Kawamura, H.: Particle accumulation structures in time-dependent thermocapillary flow in a liquid bridge under microgravity. Microgravity Sci. Technol. 18, 117–127 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Stauffer, C.E.: The measurement of surface tension by the pendant drop technique. J. Phys. Chem. 69, 1933–1938 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Continuous Media MechanicsPermRussia

Personalised recommendations