Rendiconti Lincei. Scienze Fisiche e Naturali

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 725–736 | Cite as

Characterization of chemical and microbiological quality of Nile River surface water at Cairo (Egypt)

  • Afify D. G. Al-Afify
  • Amal A. Othman
  • Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan


Weighted arithmetic method of water quality index (WQI) was used to evaluate the water quality of Nile River at Cairo (Egypt) according to drinking, irrigation, and aquatic life water utilization. The aim of the present study was to characterize the physicochemical and bacteriological water quality of about 70 km long of Nile River at Cairo city area. The objective of the index is to transform complex water quality data into understandable and usable information by the public. The general annual average of WQI values of Nile River at Cairo was poor water for drinking (50.71), good for aquatic life (28.87), and it was excellent for irrigation utilizations (7.27). Microbiological results revealed an increases in total bacterial and pollution indicator counts from the collected water samples.


Water quality index Drinking water Cairo city Coliforms Streptococci 



American Public Health Association


Biological oxygen demand


Chemical oxygen demand


Dissolved oxygen


Eriochrome black T indicator


Electrical conductivity


Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (disodium salt)


Food and Agriculture Organization


A special type of micro filter paper with 0.45 μm pores


N-(1-Naphthyl)-ethylene diamine dihydrochloride


Total dissolved solids


Total phosphorus


Total solids


Total suspended solids


World Health Organization


Total bacterial counts


Total coliforms


Fecal coliforms


Fecal streptococci


Water quality index


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Copyright information

© Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF)CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Biochemistry, Faculty of AgricultureZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt

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