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Characterization of chemical and microbiological quality of Nile River surface water at Cairo (Egypt)

  • Afify D. G. Al-Afify
  • Amal A. Othman
  • Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
Article

Abstract

Weighted arithmetic method of water quality index (WQI) was used to evaluate the water quality of Nile River at Cairo (Egypt) according to drinking, irrigation, and aquatic life water utilization. The aim of the present study was to characterize the physicochemical and bacteriological water quality of about 70 km long of Nile River at Cairo city area. The objective of the index is to transform complex water quality data into understandable and usable information by the public. The general annual average of WQI values of Nile River at Cairo was poor water for drinking (50.71), good for aquatic life (28.87), and it was excellent for irrigation utilizations (7.27). Microbiological results revealed an increases in total bacterial and pollution indicator counts from the collected water samples.

Keywords

Water quality index Drinking water Cairo city Coliforms Streptococci 

Abbreviations

APHA

American Public Health Association

BOD

Biological oxygen demand

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

DO

Dissolved oxygen

EBT

Eriochrome black T indicator

EC

Electrical conductivity

EDTA

Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (disodium salt)

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

GF/C

A special type of micro filter paper with 0.45 μm pores

NED

N-(1-Naphthyl)-ethylene diamine dihydrochloride

TDS

Total dissolved solids

TP

Total phosphorus

TS

Total solids

TSS

Total suspended solids

WHO

World Health Organization

TBC

Total bacterial counts

TC

Total coliforms

FC

Fecal coliforms

FS

Fecal streptococci

WQI

Water quality index

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Copyright information

© Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF)CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Biochemistry, Faculty of AgricultureZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt

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