Advertisement

Rendiconti Lincei. Scienze Fisiche e Naturali

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 155–163 | Cite as

Allelopathic prospective of Retama raetam L. against the noxious weed Phalaris minor Retz. growing in Triticum aestivum L. fields

  • Salama M. El-Darier
  • Eman T. El-Kenany
  • Amani A. Abdellatif
  • El-Nagee F. Abdel Hady
Article
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

The effect of the aqueous extracts and crude powder of the aerial shoots of Retama raetam (donor species, Fabaceae) on germination and some growth and physiological parameters as well as protein profile and antioxidants of both Triticum aestivum and Phalaris minor (recipient species, Poaceae) was evaluated. The experiments were applied in pure and mixed cultures through germination and growth bioassays. The phytochemical screening of Retama raetam indicated the presence of some water-soluble phytotoxins (allelochemicals) allowing this plant to be an alternative management (bioherbicid) of Phalaris minor in wheat fields. Data revealed that germination percentages (GP) of T. aestivum and P. minor grains significantly (p ≤ 0.05) decreased with increasing the concentration of the aqueous extract. Notably, GP decrement varied according to the species as well as the treatment, but in all cases 40% concentration level was shown to be the most effective concentration. Seedling length (SL), fresh (FW) and dry (DW) weights of T. aestivum and P. minor grains in pure and mixed cultures experiments 21 days after sowing were also affected by R. raetam crude powder. Furthermore, protein expression of both T. aestivum and P. minor as affected with R. raetam crude powder was noticeable and new proteins have been expressed in the treated plants as compared to control. The use of allelopathic potential of the invasive species under the present study has been suggested as a viable option in sustainability as bioherbicide.

Keywords

Retama raetam Triticum aestivum Phalaris minor Allelopathy Noxious weeds 

References

  1. Abd EL-Hamid MM, Hassanein EE (1998) Weed wheat competition in the Nile delta. Ass J Agric Sci 29:106–113Google Scholar
  2. Abd El-Rahman G (2009) Water use efficiency of wheat under drip irrigation systems at Al-Maghara area, north Sinai, Egypt. Am Eur J Agric Environ Sci 5:664–670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abdel-Latif AA, El-Darier SM, Khalifa AA (2015) Allelopathic management of the noxious weed; Phalaris minor Retz. growing in Triticum aestivum L. fields. Catrina 1:05–17Google Scholar
  4. Abou-Zeid HM, EL-Darier SM (2014) Biological interactions between Moringa oleifera Lam. and two common food intercrops: growth and some physiological attributes. Int J Adv Res 6:823–836Google Scholar
  5. Abu-Romman S, Shatnawi M, Shibli R (2010) Allelopathic effects of spurge (Euphorbia hierosolymitana) on wheat (Triticum durum). Am Eur J Agric Environ Sci 3:298–302Google Scholar
  6. Akinjogunla OJ, Yah CS, Eghafona NO, Ogbemudia FO (2010) Antibacterial activity of leave extracts of Nymphaea lotus (Nymphaeaceae) on Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Vancomycin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) isolated from clinical samples. Ann Biol Res 2:174–184Google Scholar
  7. Allen SE, Grimshaw HM, Parkinson JA, Quarmby C (1984) Chemical analysis of ecological materials. In: Allen (SE) (ed) Blackwell Science Publication, Oxford, London, Edinburgh, Melbourne, pp 565Google Scholar
  8. Appleby AP, Muller F, Carpy S (2000) Weed control. In: Muller F (ed) Agrochem. Willy, New York, pp 687–709Google Scholar
  9. Attiq U, Ahmad KE, Safdar BM, Amjad M, Muhammad S, Khaliq N (2013) Allelopathic effects of herbaceous and woody plant species on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat. Pak J Weed Sci Res 3:357–375Google Scholar
  10. Batish DR, Arora K, Singh HP, Kohli RK (2007) Potential utilizatioopn of dried powder of Tagetes minuta as a natural herbicide for managing rice weed. Crop Protec 26:566–571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Botella MA, del Amor F, Amoro A, Serrano M, Martinez V, Cerda A (2000) Polyamine, ethylene and other physico-chemical parameters in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) fruits as affected by salinity. Physiol Plant 109:428–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Buhler DD (1999) Expanding the context of weed management. J Crop Prod 2:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cruz-Ortega R, Cushman JC, Ownby JD (1997) cDNA clones encoding 1, 3-β-glucanase and fimbrin-like cytoskeletal protein are induced by aluminum toxicity in wheat roots. Plant Physiol 114:1453–1460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cruz-Ortega R, Ayala-Cordero G, Anaya AL (2002) Allelochemical stress produced by the aqueous leachate of Callicarpa acuminate: effects on roots of bean, maize and tomato. Physiol Plant 116:20–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dayan FE, Cantrell CL, Duke SO (2009a) Natural products in crop protection. Bioorg Med Chem 17(12):4022–4034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dayan FE, Howell J, Widenhamer JD (2009b) Dynamic root exudation of sorgoleone and its in planta mechanism of action. J Exp Bot 60(7):2107–2117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Einhellig FA (1996) Mechanism of action of allelochemicals in allelopathy. Agron J 88:886–893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. El-Kenany ET, El-Darier SM (2013) Suppression effects of Lantana camara L. aqueous extracts on germination efficiency of Phalaris minor Retz. and Sorghum bicolor L. (Moench). J Taibah Univ Sci 2:64–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. El-Kenany ET, El-Darier SM, Kamal SA, Belgassem N (2014) The Probable allelopathic interference between Nigella sativa L. and Lupinus termis L. in mixed culture practices. Catrina 1:65–73Google Scholar
  20. El-Kenany ET, El-Darier SM, Abdellatif AA, Shaklol SM (2017) Allelopathic potential of invasive species: Nicotiana glauca Graham on some ecological and physiological aspects of Medicago sativa L. and Triticum aestivum L. Rend Fis Acc Lincei 28:159–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. El-Khatib AA, Hegazy AK, Galal HK (2004) Allelopathy in the rhizosphere and amended soil of Chenopodium murale L. Weed Biol Manag 4:35–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Farnsworth NR (1966) Biological and photochemical screening of plants. J Pharm Sci 55:225–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Freitas CD, Oliveira JS, Miranda MR, Macedo NM, Sales MP, Villas BA, Ramos MV (2007) Enzymatic activities and protein profile of latex from Calotropis procera. Plant Physiol Biochem 45:781–789CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Harborne JB (1984) Phytochemical methods: A guide to modern techniques of plants analysis, 2nd edn. Chapman and Hall, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Harborne JB (1999) Classes and functions of secondary products from plants. In: Walton NJ, Brown DE (eds) Chemicals from plants-perspectives on plant secondary products. Imperail College Press, London, pp 1–25Google Scholar
  26. Hegazy AK, Kabiel HF, Al-Rowaily SL, Faisal M, Zayed K, Doma E (2014) Temporal genetic and spatial pattern variations within and among Anastatica hierochuntica populations. Rend Fis Acc Lincei 25:155–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Heikkila JJ, Papp JE, Schultz GA, Bewley JD (1984) Induction of heat shock protein messenger RNA in maize mesocotyls by water stress, abscisic acid, and wounding. Plant Physiol 76:270–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hemada MM, El-Darier SM (2015) Management of a noxious weed; Melilotus indicus L.via allelopathy of Cotula cinerea Del. Int J Adv Res 3:553–561Google Scholar
  29. Hess DE, Grad P (1999) Chemical control of Striga. In: Hess DE, Lenne JM (eds) ICRISAT sector review for Striga control in Sorghum and millet. ICRISAT, Bamako, pp 33–45Google Scholar
  30. Huang D, Ou B, Hampsch-Woodill M (2002) High-throughput assay of Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) using a multichannel liquid handling system coupled with a microplate fluorescence reader in 96-well format. J Agric Food Chem 16:4437–4444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jankowska J, Ciepiela AG, Sosnowski J, Kolczarek R, Jankowska J (2009) The allelopathic effect of Taraxacum officinale F.G. Wigg on the seeds germination and initial growth of Lolium westerwoldicum R.Br. Acta Agrobot 2:207–212Google Scholar
  32. Javaid A, Anjum T (2006) Control of Parthenium hysterophorus L. by aqueous extracts of allelopathic grasses. Pak J Bot 38:139–145Google Scholar
  33. Khanh TD, Chung IM, Xuan TD, Tawata S (2005) The exploitation of allelopathy in sustainable agricultural production. J Agron Cr Sci 191:172–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Khanh TD, Elzawely AA, Chung IM, Ahn JK, Tawata S, Xuan TD (2007) Role of allelochemical for weed management in rice. Allelo J 19:85–96Google Scholar
  35. Kim D, Chun O, Kim Y, Moon H, Lee C (2003) Quantification of phenolics and their antioxidant capacity in fresh plums. J Agric Food Chem 51:6509–6515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Laemmli UK (1970) Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4. Nature 227:680–685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lewis H, Smith C (1967) Sugars alcohol in fungi and green plants. Methods of detection and estimation. N Phytol 66:185–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ (1951) Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 193:265–275Google Scholar
  39. Malik RK, Singh S (1995) Littleseed canarygrass (Phalaris minor Retz.) resistance to isoproturon in India. Weed Technol 9:419–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Marinova D, Ribarova F, Atanassova M (2005) Total phenolics and total flavonoids in Bulgarian fruits and vegetables. J Univ Chem Tech Metall 40:255–260Google Scholar
  41. Mohler CL (2001) Weed life histories: identifying vulnerabilities. In: Liebman M, Mohler CL, Staver CP (eds) Ecological management of agricultural weeds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp 40–98Google Scholar
  42. Moody K (1991) Weed management in rice. In: Pimentel D (ed) Handbook of pest management in agriculture. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 301–328Google Scholar
  43. Nimbal CI, Yerkes CN, Weston LA, Weller SC (1996) Herbicidal activity and site of action of the natural product sorgoleone. Pestic Biochem Physiol 54(2):73–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Odalo JO, Omolo MO, Malebo H, Angira J, Njeru PM, Ndiege IO, Hassanali A (2005) Repellency of essential oils of some plants from the Kenyan coast against Anopheles gambiae. Acta Trop 95:210–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Okarter N (2012) Phenolic compounds from the in-soluble-bound fraction of whole grains do not have any cellular antioxidant activity. Life Sci Med Res 2012:1–10Google Scholar
  46. Om H, Dhiman SD, Kumar S (2002) Allelopathic response of Phalaris minor to crop and weed plants in rice wheat system. Crop Prot 9:699–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Podda L, Fraga P, Arguimbau Mascia I, Mayoral F, García-Berlanga O, Bacchetta G (2011) Comparison of the invasive alien flora in continental islands: Sardinia (Italy) and Balearic Islands (Spain). Rend Fis Acc Lincei 22:31–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Radi A (2007) Conventional and biotechnological approaches for control of parasitic weeds. In Vit Cell Devel Biol 43:304–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Reviron M, Bartanian PN, Sallantin M, Huet JC, Pernollet JC, de Vienne D (1992) Characterization of a novel protein induced by rapid or progressive drought and salinity in Brassica napus leaves. Plant Physiol 100:1486–1493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Salhi N, El-Darier SM, EL-Taher HM (2011) Allelopathic effect of some medicinal plants on germination of two dominant weeds in Algeria. Adv Environ Biol 2:443–446Google Scholar
  51. Salhi N, El-Darier SM, El-Taher HM (2014) Allelotoxicity of Oudneya africana R. Br. aqueous leachate on germination efficiency of Bromus tectorum L. and Triticum aestivum L. Afr J Biotech 10:1194–1197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Shamsa F, Monsef H, Ghamooshi R, Verdian-rizi M (2008) Spectrophotometric determination of total alkaloids in some Iranian medicinal plants. Thai J Pharm Sci 32:17–20Google Scholar
  53. Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventos RM (1999) Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin–Ciocalteu reagent. Methods Enzymol 299:152–178Google Scholar
  54. Soltys D, Krasuska U, Bogatek R, Gniazdowska A (2013) Allelochemicals as bioherbicides — present and perspectives. In: Price AJ, Kelton JA (eds) V: Herbicides – current research and case studies in use. In Tech Publisher, Rijeka, Croatica, pp 517–542Google Scholar
  55. Sultana M, Verma P, Raina R, Shahid P, Dar M (2012) Quantitative analysis of total phenolic, flavonoids and tannin contents in acetone and n-hexane extracts of Ageratum conyzoides. Int J Chem Tech Res 3:996–999Google Scholar
  56. Trinchera A, Baratella V, Benedetti A (2015) Defining soil quality by different soil bio-indexes: the Castelporziano reserved area experience. Rend Fis Acc Lincei 26(Suppl 3):S483–S492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Vyvyan WR (2002) Allelochemicals as leads for new herbicides and agrochemicals. Tetrahed 58(9):1632–1646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Williams J, Bulman M, Huttly A, Phillips A, Neill S (1994) Characterization of a cDNA from Arabidopsis thaliana encoding a potential thiol protease whose expression is induced independently by wilting and abscisic acid. Plant Mol Biol 25:259–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Yu L, Nanguet A, Beta T (2013) Comparison of antioxidant properties of refined and whole wheat flour and bread. Antiox 2:370–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zimdahl RL (1999) Fundamentals of weed science, 2nd edn. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salama M. El-Darier
    • 1
  • Eman T. El-Kenany
    • 1
  • Amani A. Abdellatif
    • 1
  • El-Nagee F. Abdel Hady
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of ScienceAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Botany Department, Faculty of ScienceBenghazi UniversityBenghaziLibya

Personalised recommendations