Rendiconti Lincei

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 149–163 | Cite as

Source moment tensors of the earthquake swarm in Abu-Dabbab area, south-east Egypt

  • Ahmed Hosny AliEmail author
  • Sherif El Hady
  • Mariangela Guidarelli
  • Giuliano Panza


Seismic sources of a big swarm occurred in August 2004 have been studied by investigation of the moment tensors of 15 earthquakes with magnitudes range from 1.7 to 3.7. For each selected event, two sets of moment tensor inversions were carried out. The first one with fixed epicentral coordinates and the second one with variable epicentral coordinates. The data fit between observed and synthetic seismograms was computed for an elastic layered media, and minimized using a least squares algorithm. The obtained fault plane solution for each event is in agreement with the few reliable first arrival polarities. The resulting source time functions, characterized by one or two peaks, indicate that even small events might be associated with complex sources. The resulting focal mechanisms of the selected events represent different styles of faulting (normal and reverse with strike slip faulting mechanisms). The normal faulting events are characterized by focal depths larger than 7 km and the reverse ones are shallower with focal depths less than 6 km. A non-double-couple component, compensated linear-vector dipole (CLVD) ratio up to 35% is obtained for some events. The presence of some events with high CLVD ratio, besides the initiation of a high-level seismic activity, in the Abu-Dabbab area, without a large seismic main shock, led us to suggest that the August 2004 swarm might be due to igneous activity, increasing of fluid pressure and gases being consistent with the relatively high heat flow of the area.


Earthquake swarms Abu-Dabbab Egypt 



The Authors are very grateful for the assistance and support of ICTP, Trieste, Italy, and ICTP-STEP program that supported the first Author. We like to express our gratitude and appreciation to our colleagues at the Seismology Department, Egyptian National Seismological Network ENSN who established the mobile network around the study area.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed Hosny Ali
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sherif El Hady
    • 1
  • Mariangela Guidarelli
    • 2
  • Giuliano Panza
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SeismologyNational Research Institute of Astronomy and GeophysicsHelwan, CairoEgypt
  2. 2.The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical PhysicsTriesteItaly
  3. 3.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of TriesteTriesteItaly

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