Study on the flexoelectric characteristics in the sensing element of a duplex frustum pyramid


Recently, many researchers have studied to overcome some disadvantages of conventional sensing mechanisms. And the flexoelectric effect draw great attention as key to enhance the sensor performance especially in micro/nano scale. However, the relatively low flexoelectric effect in macro scale becomes a difficulty to commercialization. In this paper, in order to enhance the performance of sensor using the flexoelectric effect, the sensing element of duplex frustum pyramid is suggested as an alternative to the sensing element of single frustum pyramid. The flexoelectric characteristics for the duplex frustum pyramid, which is made of barium strontium titanate (Ba0.65Sr0.35TiO3 - BST) ceramic, are investigated numerically. If the height, top surface, edge angle and flexoelectric coefficient of the single and duplex frustum pyramids are identical (H = 2 mm, θ = 45°, μ11 = 100 μC/m and a = 1 mm), the total volume of the duplex frustum pyramid is about 60 % of the case of the single frustum one. Moreover, the charge output for the duplex frustum pyramid becomes nearly double of the sensing element of single frustum pyramid. Also, most of charge output develops in the neighborhood of the top and bottom surfaces it is much preferable to use the sensing element of duplex frustum pyramid rather than use the sensing element of single frustum pyramid as long as it is manufacturable.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Seol ryung Kwon.

Additional information

Recommended by Associate Editor Woo-Tae Park

Seol ryung Kwon received the Ph.D. degree in mechanical engineering from North Carolina State University in 2014. Currently, she is a post-doctoral fellow in Institute of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea. Her major research interests include design and fabrication of flexoelectric sensors, mechatronics and micro manufacturing.

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Kwon, S.r. Study on the flexoelectric characteristics in the sensing element of a duplex frustum pyramid. J Mech Sci Technol 32, 5839–5843 (2018).

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  • Flexoelectricity
  • Flexoelectric polarization
  • Duplex frustum pyramid
  • Sensing element
  • Sensor
  • Barium strontium titanate