Numerical study on water depth effects on hydrodynamic forces acting on berthing ships

  • Huaming Wang (王化明)
  • Xue Sheng (盛 学)
  • Shilai Wang (王世来)
  • Lin Chen (陈 林)
  • Zhiming Yuan (元志明)
  • Qiaorui Wu (吴巧瑞)


Due to the restrictions of ports, maneuverability of berthing ships will be affected significantly by water depth. In the present study, numerical simulation of the berthing maneuver of a ship with prescribed translational motion is performed by solving the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations based on overset grid, and the effects of the quaywall and freesurface are taken into consideration. To validate the present numerical method, comparison is performed between our results and the other results or measurements. It is found that the agreement is significantly better than that resulting from previous CFD-based approach. Subsequently, the effects of various water depths are investigated to evaluate their influences on hydrodynamic forces. The present results can provide helpful guidance on safe maneuvering for vessels’ berthing and fender system design in quays.

Key words

berthing maneuver overset grid shallow water viscous flow numerical simulation 

CLC number

U 661.3 

Document code


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Copyright information

© Shanghai Jiaotong University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huaming Wang (王化明)
    • 1
    • 3
  • Xue Sheng (盛 学)
    • 1
  • Shilai Wang (王世来)
    • 2
  • Lin Chen (陈 林)
    • 2
  • Zhiming Yuan (元志明)
    • 4
  • Qiaorui Wu (吴巧瑞)
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Naval Architecture and Mechanical-Electrical EngineeringZhejiang Ocean University, ZhoushanZhejiangChina
  2. 2.Donghai Science and Technology CollegeZhejiang Ocean University, ZhoushanZhejiangChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Offshore Engineering Technology of Zhejiang, ZhoushanZhejiangChina
  4. 4.Department of Naval architectureOcean and Marine Engineering, University of StrathclydeGlasgowUK

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