Frontiers of Optoelectronics

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 1–8 | Cite as

Retinal projection head-mounted display

  • Junguo Lin
  • Dewen Cheng
  • Cheng Yao
  • Yongtian Wang
Review Article


Retinal projection displays (RPDs) are an important development direction for head-mounted displays (HMDs). This paper reviews the literature on optical engineering aspects based on the data on advanced technology in RPD design and development. The review includes the principles and applications of four theories, e. g., the Maxwellian view and its modified modality and the monocular and binocular depth cues of stereoscopic objects in the physiology of the human visual system. To support the Maxwellian view and achieve retinal projection systems with depth cues, results of previous design works were summarized using different methods and their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. With an extremely long focal depth, a prototype of a full-color stereoscopic see-through RPD system was discussed. Finally, a brief outlook of the future development trends and applications of the RPDs was presented


retinal projection display (RPD) Maxwellian view depth cues stereoscopic see-through 


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This work was partially supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (No. 2015AA016301) and the Beijing Natural Science Foundation Program (No. 4152044).


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junguo Lin
    • 1
  • Dewen Cheng
    • 1
  • Cheng Yao
    • 1
  • Yongtian Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Beijing Engineering Research Center of Mixed Reality and Advanced Display, School of OptoelectronicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

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