International Journal of Hematology

, Volume 109, Issue 4, pp 483–490 | Cite as

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children and adolescents with relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma

  • Naoto FujitaEmail author
  • Ryoji Kobayashi
  • Yoshiko Atsuta
  • Fuminori Iwasaki
  • Junji Suzumiya
  • Yoji Sasahara
  • Masami Inoue
  • Katsuyoshi Koh
  • Tsukasa Hori
  • Hiroaki Goto
  • Tatsuo Ichinohe
  • Yoshiko Hashii
  • Koji Kato
  • Ritsuro Suzuki
  • Tetsuo Mitsui
Original Article


We undertook a retrospective study using the national registry data of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in Japan to investigate the effect of graft source, particularly autologous or allogeneic tissue, on the treatment outcome in patients aged less than 18 years with relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). Survival analysis was conducted on 31 autologous HSCT (auto-HSCT) and 48 allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT) recipients between 1990 and 2013. The 5-year survival rates were significantly lower for allo-HSCT compared to auto-HSCT recipients (32% vs. 55%; P = 0.036). Multivariate analysis of survival rates identified allogeneic graft, Burkitt histology, and lack of response to chemotherapy as poor prognostic factors for survival. The cumulative incidence of treatment-related mortality (TRM) was significantly higher in allo-HSCT compared to auto-HSCT recipients (P = 0.017), explaining the difference in survival rates. In patients with Burkitt lymphoma (BL), overall survival was significantly inferior in the group of patients undergoing HSCT within 12 months from the initial diagnosis (P = 0.039). These data indicate that treatment outcomes for HSCT in children and adolescents with B-NHL were better in autograft recipients, suggesting that greater attention should be paid to the risk of TRM, especially after allografts, for patients with BL.


Lymphoma Childhood B-NHL Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Hematology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naoto Fujita
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ryoji Kobayashi
    • 2
  • Yoshiko Atsuta
    • 3
  • Fuminori Iwasaki
    • 4
  • Junji Suzumiya
    • 5
  • Yoji Sasahara
    • 6
  • Masami Inoue
    • 7
  • Katsuyoshi Koh
    • 8
  • Tsukasa Hori
    • 9
  • Hiroaki Goto
    • 10
  • Tatsuo Ichinohe
    • 11
  • Yoshiko Hashii
    • 12
  • Koji Kato
    • 13
  • Ritsuro Suzuki
    • 14
  • Tetsuo Mitsui
    • 15
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsHiroshima Red Cross Hospital and Atomic-bomb Survivors HospitalHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsSapporo Hokuyu HospitalSapporoJapan
  3. 3.Japanese Data Center for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, Department of Healthcare AdministrationNagoya University Graduate School of MedicineNagoyaJapan
  4. 4.Department of HematologyKanagawa Children’s Medical CenterYokohamaJapan
  5. 5.Department of Oncology/HematologyShimane University HospitalIzumoJapan
  6. 6.Department of PediatricsTohoku University Graduate School of MedicineSendaiJapan
  7. 7.Department of Hematology/OncologyOsaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child HealthOsakaJapan
  8. 8.Department of Hematology/OncologySaitama Children’s Medical CenterSaitamaJapan
  9. 9.Department of PediatricsSapporo Medical University School of MedicineSapporoJapan
  10. 10.Division of Hemato-Oncology/Regenerative MedicineKanagawa Children’s Medical CenterYokohamaJapan
  11. 11.Department of Hematology and Oncology, Research Institute for Radiation Biology and MedicineHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  12. 12.Pediatrics, Osaka University Graduate School of MedicineOsakaJapan
  13. 13.Department of Hematology and Oncology, Children’s Medical CenterJapanese Red Cross Nagoya First HospitalNagoyaJapan
  14. 14.Department of Oncology and HematologyShimane University Hospital Cancer CenterIzumoJapan
  15. 15.Department of PediatricsYamagata University School of MedicineYamagataJapan

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