Zone II and III fifth metatarsal fractures in athletes
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Purpose of review
This study aimed to review indications, complications, and outcomes of zone II and III fifth metatarsal fractures based on recent literature.
High rates of nonunion, delayed union, and refracture in athletes treated non-operatively. The standard of care is operative treatment in athletes with intramedullary fixation.
Operative treatment of zone II and III fractures in athletes will decrease the risk of nonunion and refracture while leading to an earlier return to play.
KeywordsMetatarsal fracture Jones fracture Athlete
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Robert Anderson reports consultant fees from Wright Medical, Arthrex, Amniox, DJO, and Zimmer Biomet, as well as royalties from Arthrex, Wright Medical, and Zimmer Biomet, outside of the submitted work.
Michael Le declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Human and animal rights and informed consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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