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Depression and Anxiety in Women with Heart Disease

  • Martha GulatiEmail author
  • Ashley A. Buffomante
  • Nanette K. Wenger
Women and Heart Disease (E. Jackson, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Women and Heart Disease

Abstract

Depression and anxiety are extremely common conditions but are even more common in persons living with cardiovascular disease. Both conditions occur more frequently in women living with cardiovascular disease compared with men. Studies have demonstrated a link between coronary artery disease and depression, with an increased prevalence of depression in younger women living with CVD. Depression and anxiety are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease and are associated with worse outcomes in those living with cardiovascular disease, particularly women. The purpose of this paper is to review the sex-based epidemiology of depression and anxiety in CVD and their possible mechanisms of impacting CVD risk factors and CVD outcomes in women with CVD.

Keywords

Depression Anxiety Women Cardiovascular disease 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Drs Gulati, Buffomante, and Wenger have no conflicts of interests.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the author.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance. •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martha Gulati
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ashley A. Buffomante
    • 2
  • Nanette K. Wenger
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of CardiologyUniversity of Arizona-PhoenixPhoenixUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Department of Medicine, Division of CardiologyEmory University School of Medicine, Grady Memorial HospitalAtlantaUSA

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