Food Analytical Methods

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 469–474 | Cite as

Meat Consumption and Green Gas Emissions: a Chemometrics Analysis

  • J. Chapman
  • A. Power
  • S. Chandra
  • D. CozzolinoEmail author


The aim of this study was to relate greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) from both livestock production (enteric) and agriculture emissions with the consumption of meat from meat producer and importer countries. Data for meat consumption and emission levels of agriculture and livestock production were sourced from the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) database statistics (1961 to 2013). This data is freely available to the public and research community from the FAO webpage. Statistical data was analysed using principal component analysis (PCA), and regression models between GHGE and meat consumption were developed using partial least squares regression (PLS) and validated using cross-validation. Results of this study confirmed observations and anecdotal evidence that enteric and green gas emissions contribute to the perception of meat consumption. Although the results presented in this study are based on the data collected by an international organisation, the authors believe that results from this study can be utilised and incorporated to climate change modelling systems, in order to better understand and define the effect of GHGE on the environmental and economical sustainabilities of the meat production.


Meat consumption Partial least squares Gas emissions Agriculture emissions Enteric emissions 



The support of CQUniversity is acknowledged.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Dr. James Chapman declares that he has no conflict of interest. Dr. Aoife Power declares that she has no conflict of interest. Dr. Shaneel Chandra declares that he has no conflict of interest. Dr. Daniel Cozzolino declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

Informed Consent

(In case humans are involved) Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ScienceRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Agri-Chemistry Group, School of Medical and Applied SciencesCentral Queensland University (CQU)North RockhamptonAustralia

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