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Food Analytical Methods

, Volume 11, Issue 10, pp 2943–2960 | Cite as

Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Quality Evaluation of Fruits: a Review

  • R. K. Srivastava
  • Sekhar Talluri
  • Sk. Khasim Beebi
  • B Rajesh Kumar
Article

Abstract

This article is a review of the magnetic resonance (MR)-based technologies that have been used for non-destructive quality assessment of fruits. The potential of these MR-based methods for commercial applications such as sorting or labelling is discussed. Although nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been demonstrated to be quite effective for non-destructive characterization and quality evaluation of fruits, they have found only limited applications in current industrial and commercial applications. The limitations of the current MRI methodologies, and the technologies under development that have the potential to overcome these limitations, are also discussed. This review is limited to applications of MRI/NMR to non-invasive studies of fruits, with potential for industrial applications, and does not include applications of MRI/ NMR to vegetables, cereals and processed food items.

Keywords

Magnetic resonance imaging NMR spectroscopy Fruit quality Relaxation time Quality assessment 

Abbreviations

ANN

Artificial neutral network

CHESS

Chemical shift selective

CMOS

Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

CPMG

Carr Purcell Meiboom Gill

DC

Diffusion coefficient

DHVT

Dimensional histogram variance thresholding

FLASH

Fast Low Angle Shot

FOV

Field of view

Gx

Gradient magnitude in the x-direction

Gy

Gradient magnitude in the y-direction

Gz

Gradient magnitude in the z-direction

1H

Proton

IR

Inversion recovery

MAE

Mean absolute error

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

MRIL

Magnetic resonance imaging logging

MRSI

Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging

NIR

Near infrared

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance

PD

Proton density

PGSE

Pulsed field gradient spin echo

QA/QC

Quality assurance/quality control

RF

Radio frequency

RH

Relative humidity

RWC

Relative water content

SQUID

Superconducting quantum interference based detector

SSC

Soluble solids content

T1

Spin-lattice (longitudinal) relaxation time

T2

Spin-spin (transverse) relaxation time

(1/T2)

Spin-spin relaxation rate

TE

Echo delay

TR

Repetition time (time between repetitive application of pulse sequence)

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

R. K. Srivastava declares that he has no conflict of interest. S. Talluri declares that he has no conflict of interest. Sk. Khasim Beebi declares that he has no conflict of interest. B. Rajesh Kumar declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent is not obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018
corrected publication May/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Srivastava
    • 1
  • Sekhar Talluri
    • 1
  • Sk. Khasim Beebi
    • 1
  • B Rajesh Kumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyGIT, GITAM UniversityVisakhapatnamIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Instrumentation EngineeringGIT, GITAM UniversityVisakhapatnamIndia

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