Food Analytical Methods

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 1485–1492 | Cite as

Combination of Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry and Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy for Analysis of Oxidative Stability in Soybean Oil During Deep-Frying Process

  • Ying Liu
  • Yuanpeng Wang
  • Peirang Cao
  • Yuanfa Liu


Lipid oxidation of edible oil during frying process is a complex process and involves free radical chain reactions. Soybean oil with high amount of unsaturated fatty acids was used to investigate the impact of frying time on oxidative stability of oil. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy technique was applied to identify and quantify the formed radicals, along with the assessment of physicochemical parameters including peroxide value, oxidative stability, fatty acid composition, and volatile profile. Results showed that the amount of formed free radicals determined by ESR in frying oil increased with the prolongation of frying time. The availability of this method was compared with physicochemical properties and the well correlation coefficients were obtained. Besides, main volatile aldehyde compounds produced by β-scission homolytic cleavage of peroxide group in frying oil during thermal oxidation were derived from oxidation of oleic and linoleic acid.


Soybean oil Frying Lipid oxidation Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry Electron spin resonance 



This work was funded by the Natural Science Foundation of China (31671786), the Research Fund of National 13th Five-Year Plan of China (2016YFD0401404), the Northern Jiangsu Province Science and Technology Projects (BN2016137), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (JUSRP51501).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Ying Liu declares that she has no conflict of interest. Yuanpeng Wang declares that he has no conflict of interest. Peirang Cao declares that he has no conflict of interest. Yuanfa Liu declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Not applicable.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying Liu
    • 1
  • Yuanpeng Wang
    • 1
  • Peirang Cao
    • 1
  • Yuanfa Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and TechnologyJiangnan UniversityWuxiPeople’s Republic of China

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