Food Analytical Methods

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 1653–1660 | Cite as

Selenium Speciation in Rice Samples by Magnetic Ionic Liquid-Based Up-and-Down-Shaker-Assisted Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Microextraction Coupled to Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

  • Xiaojun Wang
  • Peng Chen
  • Liang Cao
  • Guoliang Xu
  • Siyu Yang
  • Ye Fang
  • Guozhen Wang
  • Xincheng Hong
Article
  • 260 Downloads

Abstract

A novel and sensitive magnetic ionic liquid-based up-and-down-shaker-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (MIL-UDSA-DLLME) was developed for the graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometric measurement of inorganic selenium speciation from various rice matrixes. In the first microextraction step, the magnetic ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrachloroferrate, [C4mim][FeCl4]) was selected to extract the complex of Se(IV) and 2,3-diaminonaphthalene from aqueous solution by the assistance of up-and-down-shaker vortex agitator. After the microextraction step, the magnetic ionic liquid containing target analytes was collected at the bottom of the tube by applying an external magnetic field around the test tube. Under the optimized conditions, the method present has low detection limit (0.018 μg L−1), wide linear dynamic range (0.03–10 μg L−1), and good repeatability (<3.0%, n = 10) for Se(IV). The proposed methodology was applied for separation and preconcentration of inorganic selenium in standard reference materials including GBW10010 rice, GBW10043 Liaoning rice, and GBW10045 Hunan rice with satisfactory results. The developed methodology was also successfully used for the speciation of Se(IV) and Se(VI) in different rice samples with the relative recoveries within the acceptable range of 94.9–104.8% for the addition recovery tests.

Keywords

Magnetic ionic liquid Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction Up-and-down-shaker-assisted Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry Selenium speciation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Key Project of Research and Development Program of Zhejiang Province under grant number 2015C03G2610002 and the National University Students’ Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program under grant number 201511481009.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Xiaojun Wang declares that he has no conflict of interest. Peng Chen declares that she has no conflict of interest. Liang Cao declares that he has no conflict of interest. Guoliang Xu declares that he has no conflict of interest. Siyu Yang declares that she has no conflict of interest. Ye Fang declares that she has no conflict of interest. Guozhen Wang declares that she has no conflict of interest. Xincheng Hong declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent is not applicable.

References

  1. Aleixo PC, Nobrega JA (2003) Direct determination of iron and selenium in bovine milk by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Food Chem 83(3):457–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Asiabi H, Yamini Y, Seidi S, Shamsayei M, Safari M, Rezaei F (2016) On-line electrochemically controlled in-tube solid phase microextraction of inorganic selenium followed by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta 922:37–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bryce DW, Izquierdo A, De Castro ML (1995) Flow-injection anodic stripping voltammetry at a gold electrode for selenium (IV) determination. Anal Chim Acta 308(1):96–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen PS, Haung WY, Huang SD (2014) Analysis of triazine herbicides using an up-and-down-shaker-assisted dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B 955:116–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen S, Zhu S, Lu D (2015) Solidified floating organic drop microextraction for speciation of selenium and its distribution in selenium-rich tea leaves and tea infusion by electrothermal vapourisation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Food Chem 169:156–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chu SP, Tseng WC, Kong PH, Huang CK, Chen JH, Chen PS, Huang SD (2015) Up-and-down-shaker-assisted dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction coupled with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry for the determination of fungicides in wine. Food Chem 185:377–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. de Lima GC, do Lago AC, Chaves AA, Fadini PS, Luccas PO (2013) Determination of selenium using atomically imprinted polymer (AIP) and hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta 768:35–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. de Santana FA, Portugal LA, Serra AM, Ferrer L, Cerdà V, Ferreira SL (2016) Development of a MSFIA system for sequential determination of antimony, arsenic and selenium using hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Talanta 156:29–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Escudero LA, Pacheco PH, Gasquez JA, Salonia JA (2015) Development of a FI-HG-ICP-OES solid phase preconcentration system for inorganic selenium speciation in Argentinean beverages. Food Chem 169:73–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ghasemi E, Najafi NM, Raofie F, Ghassempour A (2010) Simultaneous speciation and preconcentration of ultra traces of inorganic tellurium and selenium in environmental samples by hollow fiber liquid phase microextraction prior to electrothermal atomic absorption spectroscopy determination. J Hazard Mater 181(1):491–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grindlay G, Gras L, Mora J, de Loos-Vollebregt MT (2016) Carbon-, sulfur-, and phosphorus-based charge transfer reactions in inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectrometry. Spectrochim Acta B 115:8–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Güler N, Maden M, Bakırdere S, Ataman OY, Volkan M (2011) Speciation of selenium in vitamin tablets using spectrofluorometry following cloud point extraction. Food Chem 129(4):1793–1799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guo W, Hu S, Wang Y, Zhang L, Hu Z, Zhang J (2013) Trace determination of selenium in biological samples by CH4-Ar mixed gas plasma DRC-ICP-MS. Microchem J 108:106–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kocot K, Leardi R, Walczak B, Sitko R (2015) Determination and speciation of trace and ultratrace selenium ions by energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry using graphene as solid adsorbent in dispersive micro-solid phase extraction. Talanta 134:360–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ku YC, Leong MI, Wang WT, Huang SD (2013) Up-and-down shaker-assisted ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction of benzophenone-type ultraviolet filters. J Sep Sci 36(8):1470–1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Li X, Dai S, Zhang W, Li T, Zheng X, Chen W (2014) Determination of As and Se in coal and coal combustion products using closed vessel microwave digestion and collision/reaction cell technology (CCT) of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Int J Coal Geol 124:1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. López-García I, Vicente-Martínez Y, Hernández-Córdoba M (2013) Nonchromatographic speciation of selenium in edible oils using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. J Agr Food Chem 61(39):9356–9361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Martinis EM, Escudero LB, Berton P, Monasterio RP, Filippini MF, Wuilloud RG (2011) Determination of inorganic selenium species in water and garlic samples with on-line ionic liquid dispersive microextraction and electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Talanta 85(4):2182–2188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Maseko T, Callahan DL, Dunshea FR, Doronila A, Kolev SD, Ng K (2013) Chemical characterisation and speciation of organic selenium in cultivated selenium-enriched Agaricus bisporus. Food Chem 141(4):3681–3687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Najafi NM, Tavakoli H, Abdollahzadeh Y, Alizadeh R (2012) Comparison of ultrasound-assisted emulsification and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction methods for the speciation of inorganic selenium in environmental water samples using low density extraction solvents. Anal Chim Acta 714:82–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nyaba L, Matong JM, Dimpe KM, Nomngongo PN (2016) Speciation of inorganic selenium in environmental samples after suspended dispersive solid phase microextraction combined with inductively coupled plasma spectrometric determination. Talanta 159:174–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Olmedo P, Hernández AF, Pla A, Femia P, Navas-Acien A, Gil F (2013) Determination of essential elements (copper, manganese, selenium and zinc) in fish and shellfish samples. Risk and nutritional assessment and mercury–selenium balance. Food Chem Toxicol 62:299–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Peng H, Zhang N, He M, Chen B, Hu B (2015) Simultaneous speciation analysis of inorganic arsenic, chromium and selenium in environmental waters by 3-(2-aminoethylamino) propyltrimethoxysilane modified multi-wall carbon nanotubes packed microcolumn solid phase extraction and ICP-MS. Talanta 131:266–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shrivas K, Patel DK (2011) Ultrasound assisted-hollow fibre liquid-phase microextraction for the determination of selenium in vegetable and fruit samples by using GF-AAS. Food Chem 124(4):1673–1677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sounderajan S, Kumar GK, Udas AC (2010) Cloud point extraction and electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry of Se (IV)-3,3′-diaminobenzidine for the estimation of trace amounts of Se (IV) and Se (VI) in environmental water samples and total selenium in animal blood and fish tissue samples. J Hazard Mater 175(1):666–672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sun M, Liu G, Wu Q (2013) Speciation of organic and inorganic selenium in selenium-enriched rice by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry after cloud point extraction. Food Chem 141(1):66–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tuzen M, Pekiner OZ (2015) Ultrasound-assisted ionic liquid dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction combined with graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometric for selenium speciation in foods and beverages. Food Chem 188:619–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang KD, Chen PS, Huang SD (2014a) Simultaneous derivatization and extraction of chlorophenols in water samples with up-and-down shaker-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with gas chromatography/mass spectrometric detection. Anal Bioanal Chem 406(8):2123–2131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang Y, Sun Y, Xu B, Li X, Jin R, Zhang H, Song D (2014b) Magnetic ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction for the determination of triazine herbicides in vegetable oils by liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr A 1373:9–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wang X, Wu L, Cao J, Hong X, Ye R, Chen W, Yuan T (2016) Magnetic effervescent tablet-assisted ionic liquid dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction of selenium for speciation in foods and beverages. Food Addit Contam A 33(7):1190–1199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wen S, Zhu X, Wei Y, Wu S (2013) Cloud point extraction-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for separation/analysis of aqueous-exchangeable and unaqueous-exchangeable selenium in tea samples. Food Anal Method 6(2):506–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yan L, Deng B, Shen C, Long C, Deng Q, Tao C (2015) Selenium speciation using capillary electrophoresis coupled with modified electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry after selective extraction with 5-sulfosalicylic acid functionalized magnetic nanoparticles. J Chromatogr A 1395:173–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhang Y, Chen B, Wu S, He M, Hu B (2016) Graphene oxide-TiO2 composite solid phase extraction combined with graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for the speciation of inorganic selenium in water samples. Talanta 154:474–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang Y, Duan J, He M, Chen B, Hu B (2013) Dispersive liquid liquid microextraction combined with electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the speciation of inorganic selenium in environmental water samples. Talanta 115:730–736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhang Q, Li X, Shi H, Yuan Z (2010) Determination of trace selenium by differential pulse adsorptive stripping voltammetry at a bismuth film electrode. Electrochim Acta 55(16):4717–4721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhou Q, Lei M, Li J, Wang M, Zhao D, Xing A, Zhao K (2015) Selenium speciation in tea by dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction coupled to high-performance liquid chromatography after derivatization with 2,3-diaminonaphthalene. J Sep Sci 38(9):1577–1583CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureZhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric PowerHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations