What Evolution Intended? Reply to Wakefield


Wakefield doesn't mind my focus on parallels between addiction and love. But love can fall outside the bounds of what evolution intended. So, he claims, comparing addiction with love does not preclude a naturally defined "disorder." I counter with the argument that evolution handed us such highly general response systems, the bounds of normality cannot be defined.

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    Wakefield, Jerome. 2017. Neuroethics Addiction and the Concept of Disorder, Part 1 : Why Addiction is a Medical Disorder. Neuroethics 10. doi:10.1007/s12152-016-9300-9.

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    Wakefield, Jerome. 2017. Neuroethics Addiction and the Concept of Disorder, Part 2 : Is Every Mental Disorder a Brain. Neuroethics 10. doi:10.1007/s12152-016-9301-8.

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    Lewis, Marc D. 2017. Addiction and the Brain: Development, not Disease. Neuroethics 10. Neuroethics. doi:10.1007/s12152–016–9293-4.

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    Lewis, Marc D. 2017. Searching for norms to violate. Reply to Henden & Gjelsvik. Neuroethics 10. Fothcoming

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Correspondence to Marc Lewis.

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Lewis, M. What Evolution Intended? Reply to Wakefield. Neuroethics 10, 69–70 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12152-017-9327-6

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  • Addiction similar to love
  • What evolution intended
  • General neural systems
  • Defining disorder
  • Reliance on moral authority
  • Emotions and generality