Table 1 Participants characteristics and psychological variables

From: Mental health of medical workers in Japan during COVID-19: Relationships with loneliness, hope and self-compassion

  Medical Workers (n = 142) General Population (n = 138)
  M SD M SD
Characteristics
  Gender F: 73% (n = 104), M = 27% (n = 38) F: 61% (n = 84), M: 39% (n = 54)
  Age 39.90 12.10 46.39** 10.35
  Job Role / Employment Status Doctors 28 Full-Time Employees 85
Nurses 34 Part-Timers 11
Pharmacists 29 Self-Employed incl. Employers 29
Rehabilitation Workers 27 Homemakers 5
Social Workers 5 Unemployed 2
Others incl. Nutritionists, Radiographers 19 Others incl. Students 6
Psychological Variables
  Mental Health Problems (measured by PHQ-4) 3.27** 2.78 2.37 2.31
  Loneliness 4.73* 1.7 4.33 1.56
  Hope 29.85 8.46 32.35** 7.82
  Self-Compassion 3.13 0.58 3.34** 0.61
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01 Significant difference between the two groups (noted on the higher value)