Factor structure and measurement invariance across gender, age and sport psychology experience of the SPA-R in Spanish athletes

Abstract

Attitudes towards sport psychology may explain why, or why not, athletes use psychological services. To measure these attitudes, Martin, Kellmann, Lavallee, and Page (2002) created the Sport Psychology Attitudes- Revised instrument (SPA-R), which has been used in different countries in recent years. The objective of this study is to obtain a Spanish version of this instrument and present its first evidence of reliability, validity and invariance in a sample of 332 Spanish athletes. After carrying out the back-translation of the scale, the different factorial models present in the literature were tested, confirming the four-factor structure. The invariance across age, sex and sport psychology experience and confirmatory reliability is demonstrated, permitting the use of this scale in the Spanish-speaking population. The results obtained are compared with the attitudes of athletes from different countries towards the sport psychology service.

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Fig. 1

Data Availability

The datasets generated during and/or analysed the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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Correspondence to M. Rocío Bohórquez.

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Checa, I., Bohórquez, M.R., Arnau, V.M. et al. Factor structure and measurement invariance across gender, age and sport psychology experience of the SPA-R in Spanish athletes. Curr Psychol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-01447-7

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Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Sport psychology consultant
  • Questionnaire
  • Validation