The relations between Facebook intrusion, emotional functioning, and health problems

Abstract

Excessive Facebook use affects users’ everyday social, health, and emotional functioning. The main aim of the study was to investigate the relations between Facebook intrusion, emotional functioning (three aspects of emotional intelligence, the tendency to ruminate, and the tendency to experience anxiety), and health problems (somatic symptoms, social dysfunction, and anxiety/insomnia). The participants were 1396 high school and university or college students; 71% of them were women. The authors used the Facebook Intrusion Scale, the Emotional Intelligence Scale (INTE), the Rumination Questionnaire, the Trait Anxiety Inventory (X-2), and the General Health Questionnaire. They found that the examined aspects of emotional functioning—rumination, trait anxiety, and emotional intelligence—were related to Facebook intrusion. They also established that anxiety, rumination, and emotional intelligence exerted a significant indirect effect on health problems: anxiety/insomnia via Facebook intrusion. Additionally, the study revealed an indirect effect of anxiety, rumination, and emotional intelligence on Facebook intrusion via health problems: anxiety/insomnia.

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Data Availability

The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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Correspondence to Agata Błachnio.

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Błachnio, A., Przepiórka, A. & Cudo, A. The relations between Facebook intrusion, emotional functioning, and health problems. Curr Psychol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-01374-7

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Keywords

  • Facebook intrusion
  • Emotional functioning
  • Health problems