Leisure and subjective well-being of parents of Korean transnational-split families

Abstract

This study examined leisure and subjective well-being (SWB) of Korean transnational-split families (KTSF) who live in Korea and the U.S. Using data collected from an online survey, hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to test seven hypotheses related to the affective components of the SWB of KTSF. Income, frequency of family communication, marital satisfaction, and the size of leisure repertoire were significantly associated with the positive affect of KTSF. The amount of leisure time and the frequency of leisure involvement were not significant. Two regression models were tested to understand the differential validity of the time and frequency of six different types of leisure activities on positive affect. The leisure time and frequency of Hobbies and Other Activities were significant, while other activity types were not. These findings were discussed in light of the existing SWB and transnationalism literature, the qualitative aspects of leisure experience, and the life circumstances of KTSF.

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Funding

This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2017S1A2A2041103).

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Correspondence to KangJae Jerry Lee.

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Appendix

Appendix

  1. 1.

    Home-Based Recreation

  2. 1)

    Watching TV

  3. 2)

    Readings books/magazines

  4. 3)

    Listening to music

  5. 4)

    Playing board or table games

  6. 2.

    Electronic Media

  7. 5)

    Surfing websites for leisure

  8. 6)

    Playing computer or video games

  9. 7)

    Social networking (e.g., Facebook, Instagram, tweeting)

  10. 8)

    Emailing

  11. 9)

    Texting

  12. 3.

    Exercise-Oriented Activities

  13. 10)

    Badminton

  14. 11)

    Bicycling

  15. 12)

    Body building

  16. 13)

    Aerobics/dance/ballet

  17. 14)

    Gymnastics

  18. 15)

    Jogging/running

  19. 16)

    Martial arts

  20. 17)

    Swimming

  21. 18)

    Tennis

  22. 19)

    Yoga

  23. 4.

    Outdoor Recreational Activities

  24. 20)

    Walking for pleasure

  25. 21)

    Picnicking/BBQing

  26. 22)

    Camping

  27. 23)

    Canoeing/kayaking

  28. 24)

    Skiing

  29. 25)

    Fishing

  30. 26)

    Golf

  31. 27)

    Hiking

  32. 28)

    Horseback riding/racing

  33. 29)

    Hunting/shooting

  34. 5.

    Team Sports

  35. 30)

    Baseball

  36. 31)

    Basketball

  37. 32)

    Football/rugby

  38. 33)

    Lacrosse

  39. 34)

    Soccer

  40. 35)

    Softball

  41. 36)

    Table tennis

  42. 37)

    Wrestling

  43. 38)

    Volleyball

  44. 6.

    Hobbies and Other Activities

  45. 39)

    Socializing with family

  46. 40)

    Socializing with friends

  47. 41)

    Dining out/drinking

  48. 42)

    Going to movies

  49. 43)

    Visiting museums/art exhibitions

  50. 44)

    Cooking

  51. 45)

    Gardening/farming

  52. 46)

    Collecting

  53. 47)

    Gambling

  54. 48)

    Going to concerts/plays/operas

  55. 49)

    Travel/vacations

  56. 50)

    Karaoke

  57. 51)

    Calligraphy

  58. 52)

    Playing musical instruments

  59. 53)

    Handicrafts

  60. 54)

    Photography

  61. 55)

    Volunteer organizations/meetings

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Lee, K.J., Hwang, S. & Stodolska, M. Leisure and subjective well-being of parents of Korean transnational-split families. Curr Psychol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-00852-8

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Keywords

  • Korean transnational-split family
  • Kirogi family
  • Transnationalism
  • Subjective well-being