This study aims to reveal the relationship between self-esteem and cyberbullying by using meta-analysis. We identified 61 articles with 49,406 student participants. The results provide strong evidence regarding the link between self-esteem and cyberbullying. In addition, the meta-analysis has found that factors such as self-esteem measurements, participants’ culture, sample size, and participants’ age all moderated this relationship. The betas between self-esteem and cyberbullying is stronger in studies that used RSES (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale) and weaker in studies that used other measures. The betas coefficient was larger for participants in Asia than those in the U.S. and Europe. Compared to “N < 200″ and “N > 800″, the betas coefficient was larger in “200 < N < 800″. As the participants’ age increased, the betas coefficient between self-esteem and cyberbullying was smaller. Implications of this meta-analysis are discussed.
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All authors read and approved the manuscript. This research was supported by the National Social Science Foundation for Education of China (CFA180249).
All procedures involving human participants in this study were performed in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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Lei, H., Mao, W., Cheong, C.M. et al. The relationship between self-esteem and cyberbullying: A meta-analysis of children and youth students. Curr Psychol 39, 830–842 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00407-6
- Moderating analysis
- Effect size