Little is known about the consequences of promotive and prohibitive voice. Addressing this issue, this study empirically examined the relationship between promotive and prohibitive voice and job satisfaction, as well as the mediating role of self-efficacy and the moderating role of transformational leadership. Results from 88 employee–supervisor dyads indicated that promotive and prohibitive voice were positively related to job satisfaction. Moreover, the relationship between promotive voice and job satisfaction was fully mediated by self-efficacy, whereas the relationship between prohibitive voice and job satisfaction was partially mediated by self-efficacy. Transformational leadership moderated the effect of prohibitive voice on self-efficacy. Findings enrich the voice literature and provide practical implications. Organizations should encourage employees to engage in voice behavior and strengthen their self-efficacy. Team leaders should be trained and guided to keep suitable leadership style.
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Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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Song, J., He, C., Wu, W. et al. Roles of self-efficacy and transformational leadership in explaining voice-job satisfaction relationship. Curr Psychol 39, 975–986 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-9808-8
- Job satisfaction
- Transformational leadership