Advertisement

Reversing the Trend: a Psychosocial Intervention on Young Immigrants in Sicily

  • Maria Garro
  • Massimiliano Schirinzi
Article
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

Intervention projects based on providing support for immigrants can offer a number of benefits with regard to the social inclusion of young immigrants. Therefore, the actions suggested in this proposal may not only create a network between institutions and the private sector capable of supporting the intervention of a host country, but may also help to reduce the risk of crime as well as advocating a sense of otherness and integration. The approach to the project, a psychosocial intervention carried out on four young Africans who reached Sicily after crossing the Sicilian Channel on a dilapidated boat, has chiefly been to provide the four individuals with the chance to revisit their original, harrowing voyage, thus allowing them to view the voyage not only as a source of pain and death but also as a source of well-being and mutual understanding. Positive outcomes from the intervention include the satisfaction of the participants and a greater sensitivity towards each other, an awareness of the importance of rules, free time monitoring through utterances, and finally, photographic images for the resulting awareness raising event. The intervention, the only one carried out in Sicilian territory, culminated in the organization of a social visibility day, an event designed to advocate the involvement of local communities and young people. Further, the public event also aimed to raise awareness among the host community to the needs of immigrants, while contributing to discussion on hostile attitudes and closure towards immigrants.

Keywords

Immigration Inclusion Sea Sailboat Sicily 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the four participants (Ayeva Rayan, Camara Dembo, Ceesay Lassana, and Ceesay Lamin) for the trust and the enthusiasm shown while sharing their life stories and expressing their dreams during their stay in Italy; Antonina Grillo, legal representative without whom this experience would not have been possible; Associazione Terraferma Onlus - Salemi (Tp); Cristina Lombardi, Chairman Associazione Il Sorgitore no profit - Lugano - (www.il-sorgitore.org) for their availability and active participation. The authors would also like to thank Giovanni Golino, invaluable in providing emotional and instrumental support. Special thanks are due to prof. G. Lavanco for having believed in the project.

References

  1. Allport, G. W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Reading: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  2. Bourthis, R. Y., Barrette, G., El-Geledi, S., & Schmidt, R. S. (2009). Acculturation orientations and social relations between immigrant and host community members in California. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40(3), 443–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Eriksson, L., Rice, J. M., & Goodin, R. E. (2007). Temporal aspects of life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 80(3), 511–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hutchinson, M., & Dorsett, P. (2012). What does the literature say about resilience in refugee people? Implications for practice. Journal of Social Inclusion, 3(2), 55–78.Google Scholar
  6. Mantovani, S. (Ed.). (1995). La ricerca sul campo in educazione. I metodi qualitativi. Milano: Mondadori.Google Scholar
  7. Mela, A. (2015). Il lavoro psicosociale con i rifugiati e richiedenti asilo: approcci e riflessioni critiche. Rivista di Psicologia dell’Emergenza e dell’Assistenza Umanitaria, 14, 6–31.Google Scholar
  8. Miller, K. E., & Rasco, L. (Eds.). (2004). The mental health of refugees. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  9. Miller, K. E., & Rasmussen, A. (2010). War exposure, daily stressors, and mental health in conflict and post-conflict settings: bridging the divide between trauma-focused and psychosocial frameworks. Social Science & Medicine, 70(1), 7–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Novara C., Serio C., and Moscato G. (2016). Unaccompanied foreign minors in the Italian context: from legal order to networking in educational services. Turkish Online Journal Of Educational Tecnology. December Special Issue; ISSN 2146–7242, pp. 1229–1235.Google Scholar
  11. Phinney, J. S., Horenczyk, G., Liebkind, K., & Vedder, P. (2001). Ethnic identity, immigration, and well-being: an interactional perspective. Journal of Social Issue, 57(3), 493–510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ryan, D., Dooley, B., & Benson, C. (2008). Theoretical perspectives on post-migration adaptation and psychological well-being among refugees: towards a resource-based model. Journal of Refugee Studies, 21(1), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Valtolina, G.G. (2008) Nascere in Italia. Da stranieri. In Fondazione Ismu, Quattordicesimo Rapporto sulle migrazioni 2008. Franco Angeli MilanoGoogle Scholar
  14. Van Oudenhoven, J. P., Ward, C., & Masgoret, A. M. (2006). Patterns of relations between immigrants and host societies. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30, 637–651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università degli Studi di PalermoPalermoItaly

Personalised recommendations