, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 200–206 | Cite as

A Divided World in Entropy

  • Solomon Benatar
Review Essay

Jennifer Welsh, The Return of History: Conflict, Migration and Geopolitics in the twenty-first Century. Toronto: House of Anansi Press, 2016, 360 pp, $16.96. ISBN: 978–1487002428

Donald Johnson, Missing the Tide: Governments in Retreat. Montreal: McGill Queens University Press 2017, 228 pp, $29.95. ISBN: 978–0773549715

Bill Emmott, The Fate of the West: The Battle to Save the World’s most Successful Political Idea. London: Profile Books, 2017, 257 pp, $19.90. ISBN: 978–1781257340

We are entering a bifurcated world. Part of the globe is inhabited by Friedrich Hegel’s and Frances Fukuyama’s Last Man - healthy, well fed, and pampered by technology. The other, larger, part is inhabited by John Hobbes’ First Man - condemned to a life that is ‘poor, nasty, brutish, and short.’" Robert Kaplan 1994.1

How has the world fared since the above statement was made almost 25 years ago? Is there evidence that appropriate action was taken to narrow this divide and ameliorate its implications, and what...


progress development freedom equality democracy return of history global crises fate of the west colonialism capitalism fascisim barbarism dystopia 



am grateful to Renee C Fox for encouraging me to write this, and for constructive comments on an early draft.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bioethics CentreUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.Joint Centre for Bioethics, Dalla Lana School of Public HealthUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations