A novel heuristic based energy efficient routing strategy in wireless sensor network


Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is used in many applications for different roles, such as monitoring, data transmitting, information gathering, and so on. However, managing energy in WSN is a critical task. To end this issue several clustering and heuristic strategies were constructed still, a suitable solution is not found. So the current research proposed a novel African Buffalo based Two Tier Data Dissemination (AB-TTDD) strategy to monitor the energy drained node in an earlier stage before the data transmission. The fitness function of African Buffalo model is utilized to recognize the harmful and energy drained nodes in an earlier stage. Furthermore, a novel Temporary Energy Mapping Algorithm (TEMA) is developed to maintain the route by creating the reference node instead of energy drained node. This novel proposed mechanism has reduced the packet flow ratio and power consumption in a high manner. At the same time, it enhanced the energy intensity of sensor hubs by mounting its lifetime and affording the reroute. Subsequently, the capability of the proposed strategy is validated with the recent research works and achieved better performance by reducing energy consumption and packet drop ratio.

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    Energy management strategy

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    Density of node

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    Grid structure

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    Distributed location of nodes

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    Link is failed because of node failure

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    Sub nodes

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    Reference level

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    network simulator

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    reference level


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Binu, G.S., Shajimohan, B. A novel heuristic based energy efficient routing strategy in wireless sensor network. Peer-to-Peer Netw. Appl. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12083-020-00939-w

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  • Routing protocol
  • link recovery
  • African buffalo model
  • wireless communication channel
  • Packet drop
  • Throughput ratio